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Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 30, 2019

[Selection of the optimal device-aided therapy in Parkinson’s disease]

KOVÁCS Norbert, ASCHERMANN Zsuzsanna, JUHÁSZ Annamária, HARMAT Márk, PINTÉR Dávid, JANSZKY József

[For the treatment of advanced Parkinson’s disease the deep brain stimulation (DBS) and the levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) therapies are available in Hungary. Although they may have similar impact on the health-related quality of life and disabilities associated with the disease, they have different indications, and inclusion- and exclusion criteria. Consequently, the patient population treated with DBS and LCIG may be different. In the present review, the authors try to help the process of selection of the optimal device-aided therapy for the patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

JUNE 20, 2018

[Applying musical tools in healing children]

KOLLÁR János

[The aim of the study is drawing the attention to the possibilities of applying musical tools in healing children. After doing research in main medical databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Medline) some research works were discovered and harmonized in which the researchers give proof of the effectiveness of music therapies implemented in therapeutic circumstances and by proper experts on medical fields. The study focuses on the following topics: applying music for reducing stress caused by medical interventions and hospitalization, treating speech disturbances, improving communication and social abilities of autistic children, improving capabilities of people suffering from visual and hearing impairment, providing help during anaesthesia, stimulating different parts of the brain in children suffering from PDOC (Prolonged Disorder of Consciousness), improving capabilities of children living with disabilities and helping creating harmonic relationship between children, their parents and the healing staff. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2017

Independent validation of the Quality of Life in Essential Tremor Questionnaire (QUEST)

KOVÁCS Márton, MAKKOS Attila, JANSZKY József, KOVÁCS Norbert

Quality of Life in Essential Tremor Questionnaire (QUEST) was specially developed for essential tremor population to measure the health-related quality of life. Besides the development of the Hungarian version, we performed an independent testing of the scale adding further information on its clinimetric properties. In this study 133 ET patients treated at University of Pécs, Hungary, were enrolled. Besides QUEST, we assessed Patient’s Global Impression-Severity (PGI-S) and Fahn-Tolosa-Marin Tremor Rating Scales. After the independent validation in accordance to the Classic Theory of Tests, we evaluated cut-off values for detecting clinically meaningful ET-related disabilities based on receiver operating characteristics analysis. Cronbach’s a was 0.897. QUEST demonstrated high convergent validity with PGI and divergent validity with disease-duration, positive family history, need for deep brain stimulation surgery, and the presence of depression and anxiety. Presence of moderate ET-related disabilities was identified by scores > 11.25 points on QUEST-SI (sensitivity: 77.4%, specificity: 83.3%); whereas scores > 20.35 points indicated severe ET-related disabilities (sensitivity: 83.3%, specificity: 59.1%). We demonstrated that the fundamental clinimetric properties of the QUEST are satisfactory.

Clinical Neuroscience

NOVEMBER 30, 2016

Could red cell distribution width and mean platelet volume be a predictor for lumbar disc hernias?

DAGISTAN Yasar, DAGISTAN Emine, GEZICI Riza Ali, HALICIOGLU Sıdıka, AKAR Semih, ÖZKAN Nezih, AKTAS Gulali

Background - Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) causes major disabilities worldwide. Several studies in the literature had reported the correlation between radiculopathy and inflammatory markers. Mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio are parameters of hemogram which have been found to be associated with inflammatory conditions. Purpose - Since inflammation has an important role in lumbar disc hernias, and RDW, MPV and N/L ratio are also known to be in correlation with inflammation, we have investigated these parameters of the patients with lumbar disc hernias and compared them with the results of the healthy subjects. Methods - Our study group was composed of patients with lumbar disc hernia, whereas the control group was consisted of healthy volunteers whom visited our outpatient clinics for a routine check-up. Patient characteristics and hemogram parameters of the study cohort were obtained from computerized database system of our institution. SPSS software (SPSS 15.0 for Windows, Chicago, IL, USA) was used for the analysis. Results - There was no significant difference between study and control groups in terms of WBC, neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, neu\lym ratio, Hb, Htc, MCV, and PLT levels (all p>0.05). RDW was significantly increased in study group [15.6 (12.3-22.5)] when compared to control group [14.5(11.9-16.3)] (p=0.004). And MPV in the study group [9.25 (6.38-14.5)] was also significantly increased in comparison to the control subjects [8.8 (6-10.1)] (p=0.013). Discussion - In this retrospective study, we found that, RDW and MPV values in hemograms were increased in patients with lumbar disc herniation when compared to the control group. Conclusions - We suggest that, elevated RDW and MPV may help physicians in decision taking to order radiological imagings in patients with symptoms which can be associated with possible LDH diagnosis. However, for the sake of precision, prospective studies with larger populations are needed.

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2016

[The patients with sensory system impairment in peritoneal dialysis]

VARGANÉ SZABÓ Tünde, KERESZTESI Sándor

[The sensory system is responsible for perceiving information, which enables us to connect with the outside world. Its impairment could limit an individual’s chances to an equal role in society. Introduction of a special training programme that provides equal opportunities for patients with disabilities to participate in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) programme. In visually impaired patients training was not based on the visual teaching aids but on verbal communication (constant repetition, questioning). In patients with hearing loss visualisation and dexterity are in focus. Speech impediment, a condition often coexisting with hearing loss, made communication more difficult; therefore the training is built on writing, articulation and sign language. By acquiring the theoretical and technical bases of PD treatment, our patients is able to complete safe solution exchanges in their own homes. Once self-care treatment commenced, their nursing continued on an individual basis. Self-care treatment of PD patients with sensory impairment requires prudence, adequate training and aftercare; however according to our experience it does not necessarily imply a higher occurrence rate of complications. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2016

[New opportunities in neuro-rehabilitation: Robot mediated therapy in conditons post central nervous system impairments]

FAZEKAS Gábor, TAVASZI Ibolya, TÓTH András

[Decreasing the often-seen multiple disabilities as a consequence of central nervous system impairments requires broadening of the tools of rehabilitation. A promising opportunity for this purpose is the application of physiotherapy robots. The development of such devices goes back a quarter of century. Nowadays several robots are commercially available both for supporting upper and lower limb therapy. The aim is never to replace the therapists, but rather to support and supplement their work. It is worthwhile applying these devices for goal-oriented exercises in high repetition, which one physically fatiguing for the therapist or for the correction of functional movement by various strategies. Robot mediated therapy is also useful for motivation of the patient and making the rehabilitation programme more versatile. Robots can be used for assessment of the neuromotor status as well. Several clinical studies have been executed in this field, all over the world. Meta-analyses based on randomized, controlled trials show that supplementing the traditional physiotherapy with a robot-mediated component presents advantage for the patients. Further studies are necessary to clarify which modality and intensity of the exercises, in which group of patients, in which stage lead to the expected outcome.]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2013

[Neurorehabilitation, neurology, rehabilitation medicine]

URBÁN Edina, SZÉL István, FÁY Veronika, DÉNES Zoltán, LIPPAI Zoltán, FAZEKAS Gábor

[We have read several publications of great authority on the neurological profession in the last two years in which were expressed assessments of the current situation combined with opinions about neurology and the necessity to reorganize neurological patient care. These articles took up the question of neurorehabilitation too. The authors, who on a daily basis, deal with the rehabilitation of people with disabilities as a consequence of neurological conditions, summarize some important definitions of rehabilitation medicine and the present system of neurological rehabilitation, as it is defined by the rehabilitation profession.]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2013

[Possibilities of gene therapy with recombinant adenovirus in the cortex and hippocampus]

KOSKA Péter, VALIKOVICS Attila, KISS-TÓTH Éva, SZALAI Adrienn, NAGY Zoltán, FODOR Bertalan

[Background and purpose - Neurodegenerative diseases eg. ischemic stroke causes lifelong disabilities in cognitive functions and movement, furthermore high frequency of death. Antiapoptotic, or growth factor gene targeting to cortical structures could be a useful tool for neuroprotection in ischemic brain diseases. In present study we examined the feasibility of the gene therapy of the cortex and hippocampus via transfecting brain with recombinant adenovirus containing LacZ reporter gene in normal and postischemic condition. Since translation of proteins can be inhibited following ischemia by the phosphorylation of ribosomal subunit eIF2α, phosphor-eIF2α immunohystochemistry were performed. Methods - Our adenovirus vector was introduced via the cisterna magna into control and postischemic gerbil brain. After 48 hours of transfection the brains were examined for X-gal staining. LacZ expressing cells showed blue colour. Five min. transient global ischemia was induced by clipping the vertebral and carotid arteries of gerbil. Phosphor-eIF2α immunohystochemistry were performed following 48 hours of ischemia. Results - Administration of adenoviral vector resulted in transfection of hippocampal CA1, CA2, CA3 cell layers while gyrus dentatus remained untransfected. Cortical pyramidal cell layers were also transfected. In postischemic brain the lack of LacZ gene expression were detected in the CA1 and CA2 layer of hippocampus. Ischemia caused eIF2α phosphorylation in hippocampal CA1, CA2, CA3 and most neuronal layers in the cortex. Conclusion - Introducing adenovirus vector via the cisterna magna may results in effective gene therapy of cortex and hippocampus. To develop effective gene therapy in postischemic hippocampal CA1 and CA2 cell layers needs further investigation. eIF2α phosphorylation probably doesn’t interfere with transgene expression.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2011

[Disabled person’s satisfaction with health and social care - an internationally developed instrument ]

KULLMANN Lajos, PAULIK Edit

[Introduction - Quality of health and social care is being assessed by largely different methods. Obtaining comparable and valuable data is difficult. Thus, internationally developed instruments have special value. Sample and methods - A set of instruments has been developed simultaneously using World Health Organization’s instrument development method. One of these is the instrument “Quality of Care and Support for People with Disabilities”. Response scales contain five options for physically and three for intellectually disabled persons. Psychometric analysis of the Hungarian instrument version was based on interviews with 151 physically and 166 intellectually disabled persons. Results - Answering rate was high, above 95% with the exception of one item. Internal consistency of the two instrument versions by Cronbach’s alpha is 0.845 and 0.745 respectively. Lowest satisfaction was found in the domain “information” in both groups that correlates significantly with health conditions at p<0.01 and p<0.05 level respectively. Conclusions - The field trial confirms validity and reliability of the instrument. Its wider use may help the evaluation of satisfaction concerning different components of quality of care, consequently better tailoring of services to needs.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

APRIL 20, 2005

[COMPLEX TREATMENT OF OROPHARYNGEAL DYSPHAGIA]

MÉSZÁROS Krisztina, HACKI Tamás, VARGA Zsuzsa

[The authors focus on the rehabilitation of patients with dysphagia caused by surgical and/or irradiative treatment of head and neck tumors as well as neurogenic diseases. The complex rehabilitation includes treatment of the oropharyngeal swallowing dysfunction as well as the therapy of communicative disabilities. The home care of patients with dysphagia, which can not only be life threatening, but also causes social isolation, is an important task for the general practitioner.]