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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 30, 2020

[BLS Quality Assessment – The Effectiveness of Telephone Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Inst­ruction]

KÖCSE Tamás, MÁTÉ Martin, HORVÁTH Balázs, PAKAI Annamária, MÁTÉ-PÓHR Kitti

[The aim of the presented study is to monitor the effectiveness of BLS, to investigate its effectiveness in laymen’s groups, and to compare whether non-instructional or T-CPR is more effective. Our quantitative, cross -section study was conducted on the open day of 112 Call Center in Szombathely. The target group consisted of visiting lay people who signed a statement of consent to process their observation results (n = 19). Descriptive statistics were calculated using IBM SPSS for Windows 22.0 and Fisher-exact test and independent samples T-test (p <0.05). In the case of chest compressions, all parameters examined were more effective during manual resuscitation with telephone instruction. Without instructions, it takes an average of 12 sec. from the rescue call to start the compression, in the situation where instruction takes an average of 1 m. 25 sec. Our results suggest that T-CPR takes longer to complete chest compressions than non-instructed cases, but overall, chest compressions are more effective. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 30, 2020

[Examination of Parental Treatment among Outgoing Ambulance Workers]

MOSKOLA Vladimír, SUSÁNSZKY Éva, SZÉKELY Andrea, HORNYÁK István, OZSVÁRT Barbara, NÉNINGER Tibor, BALOGH Zoltán

[The development of the family, family relations and family socialization play a decisive role in becoming an adult and in the development of later forms of behavior. Parental treatment is closely related to problem-solving skills, which is why they can influence adequate responses to unexpected situations in ambulance care. The aim of the study: to explore and analyze the parental attitudes and behaviors that emerged during the upbringing of outgoing ambulance workers and can be related to the demographic, socio-economic characteristics of the study sample, as well as work, workplace and health behaviors. The survey was conducted between the employees of the National Ambulance Service and the participants of the National Ambulance Professional Section of the HHCP. In addition to demographic, workplace, and health status questions, the authors surveyed a shortened, 23-question version of the Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran (s-EMBU) questionnaire developed by Perris et al. SPSS version 25.0 was used for statistical analyses. Types of analyses included descriptive statistics, two-sample t-test, correlation calculation, analysis of variance. The authors found striking correlations between religion, especially school graduation and female gender, as well as restrictive and gay parental treatment. The maternal rejection and paternal overprotection have been shown to be prominent among people those working in the capital, with the correlation that the “diversity” provided by the big city is particularly conducive to breakaway behavior and good social relationships. The parental restriction, as one of the characteristic parental behaviors revealed in our research, and its positive relationship with religiosity and higher school graduation in the part of Emergency Medical officers who work in higher positions raises the possibility that the professional appearance of helping and life-saving activities is influenced by religiosity and the resulting development of moral and social sensitivity during upbringing. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2020

[The Effectiveness of Pain Control in Cancer]

BÖGYÖS Dorina Viola, KIRÁLY Edit

[Introduction: Cancer diseases pose a serious public health issue nowadays, as they are among the leading causes of death. As today it is possible to live with this disease for a long time, the quality of life, which is greatly affected by pain, becomes a very important factor. Objective: The purpose of the research is to investigate and explore potential existing problems in the field of cancer pain relief in Hungary and to propose solutions to these problems. In our questionnaire survey, we asked patients suffering from tumors who were in pain and living their lives at home. The research was an anonymous cross-sectional study using descriptive and comparative statistical methods. The average age of respondents was 55 and most of them were women. Answers showed that primary tumors appear mostly in breasts (n=25) or the lungs (n=13). Metastasis developed by almost 30% of the patients. 42% of the respondents experienced severe pain (VAS ≥7 point), which they estimated to last for 1-2 (n=40) or rather 4-5 hours daily (n=30). Almost two third of the respondents were using products containing NSAID (n=64). The number of mild (n=18) versus strong painkiller (n=15) users were almost equal. There was a significant difference between groups of patients experiencing “mild-medium” (p=0,01) versus “mild-strong” pains (p=0,004) due to the usage of medication containing stronger opioids. From this revealed that individuals with greater pain used potent analgetics. More than half of the patients use some sort of sleep or relax aid as a supplement to their medication. Patients with metastasis (n=28) use strong (n=7) as well as mild analgesics (n=10) in greater numbers than those without metastasis. The results reveal that in Hungary, relatively few patients with cancer diseases use strong opioid-containing drugs despite of the fact that their pains are severe. Therefore, a nearly precise estimate of pain levels would be important. Fear of side effects is often unjustified and cannot limit the choice of appropriate therapy. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2020

[Complication of the Metabolic Syndrome in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome]

KOMLÓSI Kálmánné, KISS Sarolta, FERENCZY Mónika, MÁTÉ-PÓHR Kitti, PAKAI Annamária

[In our research we compared whether pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome or the mothers who were healthy through pregnancy has a higher risk to develop high BMI, metabolic syndrome, preeclampsia, polyhydramnion and macrosomia. Our research is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. In the random sampling within the target group, the target group was diagnosed with PCOS (n=50) and the control group was mothers who had undergone uninterrupted pregnancy (n=50). The exclusion criterion is the coexistence of other endocrine disease that may affect the parameters under consideration, in addition to the control group the diagnosis of PCOS. With IBM SPSS for Windows 22.0, we applied two-sample T-test and Khi2 test (p<0.05). The BMI values ​​measured in the PCOS study group are higher than in the control group (p<0,05). Pregnant women with PCOS has a higher risk of developing high blood pressure, and high cholesterol (p<0,05). The difference between the two groups can not be considered significant for the development of proteinuria and oedema. Emphasis should be placed on PCOS gravid care, early detection of metabolic disturbances, accurate documentation, and elimination of complications and illnesses associated with the disease.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2020

[Evaluation of the Quality of Life of Patients with Malignant Breast Cancer after Surgery]

TÓTH Enikő, KIRÁLY Edit

[In the morbidity statistics, breast cancer is ranked first in both developed and developing countries. To map the quality of life after surgery of women with malignant breast cancer, which mainly involved the comparison of different age groups and changes in social relations. The survey was conducted in November 2017 at the National Institute of Oncology using a questionnaire method, in which 70 people participated. Based on age-disaggregated data, the over-60s reported more psychiatric symptoms than the younger group. During the course of their illness, many of the socially altered women in their lives were living alone and reporting a lower quality of life. In the absence of family support, it would be extremely beneficial to increase the opportunities available for women to reintegrate into society as soon as possible. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2020

[Physical Dimensions of Quality of Life on Dialysis and Renal Transplant Patients]

BABARCI Ágnes, BOROS Edit, BALOGH Zoltán

[End stage renal failure is a disease with a serious impact on the everyday life of patients. The aim of this study is to measure and compare the quality of life of patients on hemodialysis and following renal transplant in Szeged, based primarily on physical dimensions and to compare the results with similar national and international data. Throughout the research the authors used the Kidney Disease Qualitiy of Life Questionnary- Short Form-36, the Illness Intrusiveness Rating Scale, and their own questionnary. They involved 111 patients into their study from September 2018 to May 2019. The results show that among the dimensions regarding physical health the pain subscale in the renal transplant cohort reached the highest scores: 76±26 (average±SD) vs. 55±33 in the dialysis cohort. (p<0,001). The result of physical role functioning subscale was the lowest, reaching 69±25 points vs. 50±30 in the dialysis cohort. (p<0001). Analyzing the correlation of quality of life and illness intrusiveness, they found that the higher the quality of life result, the lower is the illness intrusiveness result (r=-0,478). Due to the results of the present study, it can be stated, that the quality of life in the dialysis cohort is lower in Szeged. These results may contribute to a holistic view of care of our patients. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2020

[The Future Nurse –Work Value Preferences of the Generation Z]

KISS Ibolya, PAPP Katalin

[To explore the work value preferences of nurses born after 1995 and those of different generations. The Super Job Value Preference Questionnaire was completed by nurses of different qualifications (N=106). In the analysis, we ranked the average of each value range to determine the rank, and also the standard deviation value. Preferred values for nurses of each generation: hierarchy, physical environment, ma­teriality for Baby Boomers; for X generation: altruism, hierarchy, physical environment; for the Y generation: altruism, hierarchy, security; and for Z generation: hierarchy, altruism, social relationships. We found differences in preferred work values between generations, and also found the similarities and differences among the generations. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2020

[The Course and Role of the Military Caregivers during World War II]

HIRDI Henriett Éva

[Since the wars of the world, women have continued to play an essential role in the military and the workforce. During the World War II Hungarian women took up jobs in factories, warehouses, offices, and other locations that supported the wartime needs. However the work programs conducted on a voluntary basis did not reach enough workpower. As progressed, the need for more industrial workers became apparent and the government changed its policy regarding women in industry. It was announced in May 1944, that unmarried women between 18 and 30 years of age were called up for compulsory work. Special efforts were made to protect the health of these women. Dr. Mária Baloghy on 1944 introduced a new course based on the factory nursing program, to establish a paid military caregiver serving directly under the control of the Ministry of Defense. The following essay on the course and the support role of the Military Caregivers a series of studies on the history of Nursing.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2020

[Florence Nightingale’s life and work – Florence Nightingale’s message for Today’s Nursing Students]

SEBESTYÉN Anett Katalin

[The International Nurses Day is organized every year on May 12. This year is special, because Florence Nightingale, who is one of the nurses’ ideal, will have the 200th anniversary of her birth. The nurse’s life, who is also known as the „lady with the lamp”, wasn’t easy, because she needed to face many things/issues. However, she achieved the respect of the nurse profession and the appreciation of the nurses. She has also fought for women rights and studied a lot – thanks for those, she worked out statistic methods that nowadays we still use. As a result/because of her memorandums, she allocated many statistical coherences that are still valid. She confirmed with numerical dates, how big the connection between death and hygiene circumstances is. To her advice, more nursing educations were started, as well as the hospital systems were reformed by her. One of her greatest work is the Notes on nursing, which is counted until today as the number one handbook of nursing.]