Lege Artis Medicinae

[Regret is Forbidden!]

DECEMBER 20, 2005

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2005;15(12)

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Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[THE EFFECT OF BALNEOTHERAPY AND HIDROTHERAPY IN LOCOMOTOR DISEASES - AN OLD THERAPY REBORN]

BENDER Tamás

[Hungary is respected as an “Empire of thermal water” and balneotherapy has been an important part of health tourism. Recently, an increasing number of articles have been published which investigate the effect of thermal water on patients suffering from locomotor diseases. Balneotherapy has a beneficial painkiller effect and improves the quality of life in several cases of inflammatory and degenerative disorders of joint and bone diseases. The physical effect in its mechanism plays much greater role than the chemical one. A great number of evidence can be found in the medical databases proving the positive effect of balneotherapy in musculoskeletal diseases. Balneotherapy stands as an important factor in the National Development Plan of Hungary but we should like to emphasise that without basic research there is no effective balneotherapy.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Results of IDEAL study]

CZURIGA István

Lege Artis Medicinae

[In the focus: locomotor diseases]

GÉHER Pál

Lege Artis Medicinae

[PENILE VEIN THROMBOSIS AT YOUNG AGE]

KOVÁCS GÁBOR, GASZTONYI Beáta, BATTYÁNY István, NAGY Ágnes, BUZOGÁNY István, KASSAI Miklós, HUNYADY Béla, LOSONCZY Hajna

[INTRODUCTION - Mondor’s disease is an uncommon disorder occuring mostly in middleaged women and characterized by superficial thrombophlebitis classically involving the thoraco- epigastric veins. Rarely, cases have been reported in atypical sites (upper arms, abdomen, groin and penis). CASE REPORT - This is the first case being published in the Hungarian literature. The young male patient's complaints were caused by penile vein thrombosis which was demonstrated on physical examination and Doppler ultrasonography. Since hereditary thrombophilia and malignancy has been ruled out, we assume that local trauma and venous stasis caused by previous abdominal surgery have been the etiological factors of the disease. CONCLUSION - We give a review of the literature and would like to draw the attention to this rare type of thrombosis, its risk factors and the difficulties of the therapy.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[SEROTYPE AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY DETERMINATION OF SELECTED ISOLATES OF INVASIVE STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE STRAINS]

PÁSZTOR Mónika

[INTRODUCTION - Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a very important pathogene of community acquired invasive infections. The aim the study was to collect data on the serotype distribution of invasive S. pneumoniae strains in Hungary and their resistance. In the light of the results it can be determined how effective the currently available polysaccharide vaccine is against the infections caused by invasive S. pneumoniae strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS - The seroprevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of 44 randomly selected isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from sterile sites of human body were analysed over a 4 year period (2000-2003). Samples were randomly analysed by the Quellung method. Detection of sensitivity of S. pneumoniae to penicillin and erythromycin were carried out by disc diffusions and E-test method in the microbiological laboratory of the St. Laszlo Hospital. RESULTS - The invasive isolates belong to 22 different serotypes. The prevalence of penicillin and erythromycin sensitivity was 79,5%, and 68% respectively. CONCLUSION - The 23 valent polysaccharide vaccine could provide coverage of 82% of invasive pneumococcal diseases caused by strains analysed in this study.]

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HALÁSZ Péter, VAJDA János, CZIRJÁK Sándor

[In this article the possibilities, indications, methods and results of surgery in epilepsy are summarized in general with the Hungarian experience emphasized. Surgery may provide effective treatment in about 5-10% of the epileptic population. Surgical solution nowadays became an essential treatment in medial temporal epilepsy, if hippocampal sclerosis or other lesion is present, in therapy resistent lesional extratemporal epilepsies and in catastrophic childhood epilepsies if the epileptic disorder is restricted to one hemisphere (Rasmussen syndrome, hemimegalencephaly, Sturge-Weber disease and posttraumatic or postencephalitic hemispherial epilepsies). The algorhythms of the presurgical evaluation and the current methods for study the pacemaker area, forbidden zones, and hemispherial functions are treated. The currently used type and techniques of surgery, such as lesionectomy, temporal lobe resections, hemispherotomy, callosotomy, multiple subpial transsections and their indications are described. The newest surgical approaches, as deep brain stimulation, vagal nerve stimulation, and irradiation techniques are also briefly touched. Lastly, we deal with prognostical factors of the surgical outcome, reasons of surgical failures and complications. In a brief chapter the importance of postsurgical rehabilitation is emphasized.]

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[Hungarian health care professionals’ attitudes and habits regarding blood donation in different professional groups]

RAJKI Veronika, HIRDI Henriett Éva, BALOGH Zoltán, MÉSZÁROS Judit

[INTRODUCTION - We carried out a survey in Hungary among health care workers, we surveyed their habits in blood donation and their knowledge about the blood donation. METHODS - A cross-sectional study happened between 15th July and 15th Sep-tember in 2012 among the Adult nursing care-, Emergency care-, Surgical care-, and Maternity care professional groups, with convenience sampling statistical method (n=312). The data collection happened with a web-based, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. For the edited electronic questionnaire we used some question from the “Eurobarometer 41.0 (1995): Europeans and the blood” survey. We analyzed the collected data with IBM SPSS Statistics 20 software and Kingsoft Office Spreadsheet (2012) program, using by descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS - The survey has occured with the participation of 312 health care workers. The blood donation activity of the health care workers in every professional groups was higher than the national average in a EU survey stated in 2009. 61.86% of the health care professionals give blood at least twice a year at different locations. The most common causes of the non-appearance from blood donation were the “other reasons”, “earlier forbidden from blood donation” and “lack of time”. We found differences in their view in each groups about refusing/authorizing blood transfusion, but these have no great importance. CONCLUSION - Regarding to our results we recommend to open the eyes to the need for common, aligned collaboration, and to the modifying the current competencies, to the betterment of the opportunities for further trainings in order to further increase of blood donation habits and attitudes. ]