Lege Artis Medicinae

[REFRACTIVE SURGERY IN THE XXIST CENTURY - SURGICAL CORRECTION OF REFRACTIVE ERRORS]

NAGY Zoltán Zsolt, SZABÓ Viktória, SÜVEGES Ildikó

JUNE 22, 2004

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2004;14(06)

[Refractive surgical procedures have become more and more popular worldwide. The ultimate aim of these procedures is to change the refractive power of the cornea in order to achieve good uncorrected visual acuity and to get rid of the optical correction need. In this article, the history of refractive surgery, the most important characteristcs and types of the excimer lasers, the most up-to-date refractive surgical techniques and alternative refractive procedures are presented. The lower and upper limits of surgical correction, the newest diagnostic and technical development, i.e. the possibilities of wavefront technology are also discussed.]

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[CHARM-Alternative ]

MATOS Lajos

Lege Artis Medicinae

[A CASE OF PRIMARY HEPATIC AMYLOIDOSIS PRESENTING WITH GASTRIC BLEEDING]

STOGICZA Ágnes, GRABER Hedvig, SKALICZKI József, NÁDOR Katalin, MAGYAR Tamás

[INTRODUCTION - Amyloidosis - at an early stage - has no typical clinical findings, but severe weight loss, hepatomegaly and elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level can be clues to the diagnosis. CASE REPORT - We report a 66-year-old woman presenting at our unit with massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroscopy was performed and a haemorragic ulcer was found. Before admission she had lost 20 kg-s in 6 months. The patient had hepatomegaly and markedly elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level. These findings suggested the presence of malignancy, but ultrasound, CT and MR examinations did not support this hypothesis. After liver biopsy the diagnosis of amyloidosis was proven. She had rapid downhill clinical course of gastric bleeding from an ulcer resulting in death. CONCLUSIONS - So far, no specific treatment exists for amyloidosis, but there have been promising results reported about liver transplantation and autologous stem-cell transplantation.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGICAL APPROACH TO CHILDREN'S SURMISES ON SMOKING]

BAK Judit, PIKÓ Bettina

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our study was to explore school children'’s surmises on smoking. The following questions were in the focus of our analysis: what concepts children have about smoking and smoking-related diseases before adolescence? Have they already tried smoking? METHODS - The study was conducted among 3rd, 4th and 5th year school children (N=128) in two towns of Békés County, namely in Békés and Köröstarcsa. The sample consisted of 57% males and 43% females. Regarding sampling we followed international studies with similar aims where samples of 9-11-year-old average children were thought to be ideal for such study purpose using the draw-and-write technique. RESULTS - Most respondents from the study have not tried smoking yet. On the other hand, there are great number of adults who smoke in children’s environments, in many times, both parents do. Despite these facts, children’s attitudes toward smoking is rather negative. Children'’ s opinions reflect many negative aspects of smoking: the health-damaging effect, the financial aspects, the negative effects for social and physical environment. CONCLUSIONS - Similar to previous international studies, children of our sample possess correct and comprehensive knowledge of the smoking-related health problems. Findings of our study provides a support to the need of a smoking prevention program for children in the age of their negative opinions of smoking and well before the peer group effect is getting significant.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[On teaching, with personal overtones]

BODA Domokos

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Postgraduate conference on hepatology]

TELEGDY László

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