Lege Artis Medicinae

[How can the principle of consent be applied in the Hungarian healthcare system?]

SÁNDOR Judit

JANUARY 31, 1994

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1994;4(01)

[In my opinion, public opinion and the majority of Hungarian doctors have now reached a consensus on the need to inform patients about their medical treatment, and not to perform surgery or any other medical intervention without the patient's consent. Many people, however, ask the question: is today's Hungarian legislation in line with the international application of the principle of informed consent, and under what conditions can this principle be implemented in Hungary? ]

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[Influence of alcohol on the nervous system]

BARACZKA Krisztina

[Prevention and treatment of addictions such as alcoholism require a multidisciplinary approach. Sociological and social psychiatric studies have revealed many factors which may play a part in the development of alcoholism, however biological studies increasingly indicate an organic origin of alcoholism. The aim of the present comprehensive study was to summarise the clinical manifestations of alcohol toxicity based on biological alterations. The results of genetic and immunological studies are summarized. Some aspects of the investigations in the field of biogenic amines are presented. The primary toxic, long lasting withdrawal effects are discussed, from the clinical point of view.]

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[Contrast media for magnetic resonance imaging in clinical practice]

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[The author's main goal is to introduce the generally available contrast media for magnetic resonance imaging. After a brief survey of this topic, the principal agents are classified into three main subgroups. The four Ti-type contrast agents are compared and discussed on the basis of the available data in the literature. Finally, the possible future direction of contrast media research in MRI is discussed. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Correspondence - The doctor's relationship with patients]

RÁCZ Egon

[It's been a decade since I read in a Hungarian medical journal about the doctor's behaviour, his attitude, his relationship with the patient, his colleagues, his co-workers. Based on my decades of medical practice (and my frequent illness - which has only prevented me from practising my profession in the last two years), I will try to summarise what the patient's expectations of the doctor are, and how well the doctor can meet them.]

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[EEG mapping in focal cerebral disorders]

NIKL János, KUKOR Gyula

[EEG mapping is a new method which serves for processing the data of the quantitative analysis of the brain electrical activity. In its final form it is a neuroimaging technique. The present study was designed to examine the localization reliability and clinical utilization of the mapping. 103 patients with focal cerebral disorders were investigated: 70 patients with cerebrovascular diseases, 33 patients with tumour, epilepsy, migraine, meningoencephalitis, subdural haematoma, subarachnoid cyst. The EEG mapping, the routine EEG and the CT were performed and their findings were compared. In comparison with the traditional EEG, the mapping has the advantage that it can detect the alpha asymmetry. It shows the focal, functional damages more correctly than the EEG does. The mapping provides information about the ischemic lesions before the CT can visualize the tissue hypodensity. In comparison with the CT, the mapping has a good localization reliability although there are some sources of error in the method. It can detect minimal cerebral damages. It is applicable for follow-up studies on transient ischemic attacks. ]

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