Lege Artis Medicinae

[Family medicine as a career. Medical students’ attitudes and vocational choice motivations]

MOHOS András1, VARGA Albert1, MARKÓ-KUCSERA Mária2, KALABAY László3, TORZSA Péter3

DECEMBER 10, 2019

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2019;29(12)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.29.060

[INTRODUCTION - The large number of vacant general practices is a burning issue in Hungary. The entering of new colleagues into the general practitioner speciality training does not pose a real solution to the human resources crisis in this field. Our aim is to assess medical students’ attitudes and knowledge about general practice. SAMPLE AND METHOD - Cross-sectional survey with self-completed questionnaires at the University of Szeged, with the participation of 94 fourth and fifth year medical students in 2016 and 78 first and fourth year medical students in 2017. RESULTS - In 2016 1% of students planned for sure, and 16% planned probably to work as a general practitioner in the future. In 2017 3.9% of first-year students planned definitely to be a general practitioner, and 15.4% planned that probably. Among fourth-year students 0% of students planned for sure, and 19.2% planned probably to work as a general practitioner in the future. Whatever the presence of family medicine in undergraduate training influenced the medical students’ opinion about the profession positively (0.4-1.3 on a scale based on the direction and strength of the effects of certain factors ranging from -5 to +5). Those who were interested in family medicine considered the situation of healthcare significantly worse (p=0.027), than those who were not interested. To make the profession more attractive the following factors may play the most important role: the more intense presentation (I: 37%) of general practice in undergraduate training, improving the prestige of family medicine (IV: 31%), high-quality work (IV: 39%). CONCLUSIONS - Few medical students plan to work as general practitioner in the future. The most effective way to raise interest in family medicine is to increase the students’ knowledge and awareness of this specialisation, and the more intensive presentation of family medicine in undergraduate training is a key issue.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Családorvosi Intézet és Rendelô
  2. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Népegészségtani Intézet
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Családorvosi Tanszék

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