Lege Artis Medicinae

[Cardiovascular effects of sleep-related breathing disorders, a review]

VÁRDI Visy Katalin1

JUNE 30, 1992

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1992;2(06)

[The acute and chronic cardiovascular effects of sleep related breathing disorders are summarized in this review. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is characterized by recurrent upper airway collapse during inspiration. The resulting asphyxia causes hypoxia and arousal. The vigorous inspiratory efforts produce falls in blood pressure coinciding with each effort (pulsus paradoxus). A rise in blood pressure is seen concurrently with each termination of apnoea and arousal. Bradycardia induced by hypoxia in each obstructive period and increased frequency at time of arousals could lead to arrhythmias. This may result in a high prevalence of hypertension, acute myocardial infarction and arrhythmias in sufferers of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome have. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem, Budapest Tüdőgyógyászati Klinika

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