LAM KID

[On the culture of wine]

DÁNIEL Zsolt

MARCH 30, 2013

LAM KID - 2013;3(01)

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Further articles in this publication

LAM KID

[Osseal and extraosseal effects of vitamin D]

GAÁL János

[The author reviews the literature on the osseal and extraosseal effects of vitamin D, discussing the role of vitamin D sufficiency in the maintenance of normal bone structure and bone mass, in fracture prevention and in the efficacy on antiporotic treatment. The effects of vitamin D on hemopoiesis, tumours, muscles, articular cartilage, lungs, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, skin and certain metabolic disorders are also discussed. The paper particularly emphasises and describes on a cellular level the immune-modulating effect of vitamin D and its influence on autoimmune disorders.]

LAM KID

[The role of bone turnover markers in the diagnosis and therapy of osteoporosis]

HONTVÁRI Lívia, KRÁNICZ Ágota

[Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone diseasecharacterised by decreased bone mass andimpaired bone turnover, which leads to anincreased risk of fractures and significantmorbidity and mortality. Its social and pub-lic health impact and the importance of itsearly and accurate diagnosis are indis-putable. The aim of timely and efficienttherapy is to improve bone quality as wellas to prevent the dreaded complications ofbone fractures. In clinical practice, labora-tory diagnosis of biochemical bone mark-ers are particularly important for therapeu-tic monitoring. In this article, reviewing lit-erature data, we discuss bone-specificmarkers from the clinician’s perspective,and highlight their importance in everydayclinical practice. ]

LAM KID

[Effect of lactose intolerance on bone metabolism]

SPEER Gábor, LAKATOS Péter

LAM KID

[Impact of denosumab on the peripheral skeleton of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: bone density, mass, and strength of the radius, and wrist fracture]

BALLA Bernadett

LAM KID

[ParmigianoReggiano cheese and bone health]

BALLA Bernadett

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BRYS Zoltán, HARANGOZÓ Judit, SZARVAS Hajnalka

[Sustainable development aims to secure the living conditions of the next generations. Currently it fails to achieve its goal as the human destruction of ecosystem is accelerated. Institutions of the developed countries can not control the environmental crisis. The increased environmental degradation is caused by overconsumption, which is mainly driven by the widespread consumption-culture. Failure of institutional solutions drew the attention to the empowerment of communities. Aarhus Convention has legally empowered the local communities and various scientific fields examines community participation. Community Based Mental Health Services has gathered a significant knowledge about the psychosocial processes of community participation and about the participatory-culture. According to our assumption this knowledge can be used in the field of sustainable development. Besides the empowerment of the independent, local communities, concordance, affective experiencing diversity of the members, involvement of experiential experts are all important in the operation of self-organizing, responsible, local communities. We believe that the empowerment and support of eco-conscious communities is an important, new intervention in the field of sustainable development. ]

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[Eroticism in medieval art]

KOVÁCS Zoltán

[It is almost a cliché to talk about the spiritualism and conservatism of medieval culture, which was imbued with the spirit of Christian religiosity. In this sense, it may seem a little surprising to search for a theme in medieval art that seems to be completely alien to its nature. It is true that the eroticism of late antiquity, manifested in orgiastic cults, disappeared from Western culture with the rise of Christianity.]

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[Neurophobia]

SZIRMAI Imre

[Neurophobia is the fear of neurological diseases. Its main symptom is that medical students and young doctors are not able to utilize their basic neurological knowledge at the bedside. According to statistics, every second student suffers from neurophobia. This attitude could explain why in the last two decades less and less young doctors wanted to become neurologist. Medical students complain that they receive no instructions, and are afraid of loosing their interest and of facing the failure of their competency. The hardship of neurology was explained by the insufficient knowledge of anatomy and the infrequent encounter with patients. Even general practitioners have anxiety about neurological patients. The loss of interest in neurosciences seems to associate with insensitivity of human-centered culture and corruption of empathic thinking. The burnout syndrome of medical doctors and students can be explained by stress, loss of respect, permanent competition, independency that interferes with responsibility, stiff hierarchy of medical society, fear of diagnostic failures and of economical difficulties. The scores of depression in female students were higher than in male. The idea of the “good neurologist” has been changed. The business oriented care, the shortage of time, and the financial restrictions corroded the conventional practice and ceased the vocational idealism. At present, personal teaching is going to transform into impersonal multimedia learning. Because of the drastic change of values, the age of inner-oriented professionals has terminated also in the medicine. Medical doctors follow even less the traditional troll of professional behavior, but according the social demands, they choose their specialization for subsistence. The highly esteemed social status of neurologists and psychiatrists is going to sink in Europe. To reduce neurophobia it would be desirable 1. to introduce neurology training in the early years of medical school; 2. to teach neurology in all semesters, 3. to assure the effective teaching of neuro-anatomy and physiology, 4. to organize more one-to-one teacher-student communication. In the United States, residents participate in teaching during their residency training. To master neurology dedicated teachers are necessary whom neurology residents ought to meet personally with optimal frequency. However, these requirements seem to fail because of the chiefly technical characters of the actual reforms.]

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[Can the health care reform be expected to improve mortality rates?]

GYUKITS György

[A few years ago, a study was carried out in the USA and the Czech Republic, the results of which contain a number of interesting elements for the Hungarian health situation (1). The researchers hypothesised that a healthy lifestyle is shaped by modern Western culture and is not influenced by the structure of the health and social security system. ]

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[PRINCIPLES AND NATIONAL REGULATIONS OF BLOOD DONOR QUALIFICATION]

TOMONKÓ Magdolna

[During the assessment of blood donor candidates the physician considers two factors; first, whether the loss of 450 ml blood would be of any risk for them (e.g., because of hypotension) and second, whether they have any illness, current (seasonal allergy, antibiotic use, etc.) or chronic conditions (oncological or autoimmune disease, drug use, etc.) that may confer risk to the recipient. For the safety of blood preparations it is essential that the donors are dependable individuals who lead a lifestyle of low risk of getting infected (by HIV, hepatitis, etc.). Hungarian practice concerning donor qualification are generally stricter (e.g., because of the differences in the health care system, in the health culture) than the directive of the European Union. This implies that a number of donor candidates are temporarily or permanently disqualified. Following medical interventions (e.g., surgery, transfusion), environmental effects (e.g., radiation exposure) and recovery from diseases, however, the donor may again give blood after a certain period of time. Certain chronic diseases, if properly managed and if the patient is in perfect general condition, do not constitute a cause for exclusion either. General practicioners can greatly contribute to safe national blood supply by identifying and advising potential blood donors.]