Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Use of the ankle-brachial index in occupational healthcare]

SZOBOTA Lívia1, HIRDI Henriett Éva2

AUGUST 31, 2021

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2021;34(4)

[Elevated risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events is associated with high prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Nurses working in occupational healthcare are ideally situated to identify individuals with undiagnosed PAD. The aim of the study: This study aimed to demonstrate that the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a tool to be used by occupational health nurses in prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). A cross-sectional study was carried out with patients (N=638) from an occupational healthcare setting in 2021. The ABI was measured with an oscillometric blood pressure device. The measurements were analysed with the help of SPSS 22.0; descriptive statistics were calculated. A total of 638 patients were included. Mean age of the population studied was 46.5 ± 8.2 years; 38.4% were men and 61.6% were women. Mean ABI were 1.08 in right legs, 1.06 in left legs. Only 11 subjects (1.72%) had an ABI < 0.90. Occupational health nurses are able to identify key factors related to PAD, including use of the ABI, and to identify individuals with the disease. The determination of ABI using an oscillometric blood pressure device is feasible and easy to implement in occupational healthcare.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Foglalkozás-egészségügyi Ápolók Európai Szövetsége (FOHNEU)
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Ápolástan Tanszék, Budapest

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