Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The Prastige and Values of Nurses and Caregivers employed in the Social Service System]


OCTOBER 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(05)

[Aim of the study: During the study my target was to identify the career motivations, prestige of caretakers and nurses working in the Gödöllő social services and get acquainted with the most important values in their life. Sample and methods: Descriptive type research, number of elements are 81 (n=81). Summarization of the data was executed by Microsoft Office Excel 2007. Results: The employees took part in the research considered their profession as relatively low prestigious, although they would choose again this profession if they could decide again. Supporting professionals consider health, family, friendship and affection as the most important value in their life. Conclusions: The nursesand caretakers interviewed by me consider their choice of career successful in spite of its low prestige and they like their profession. Recognition the values of the employees is an important objective, because the identified values determine the quality of the work they perform.]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Health Assessment of Taxi Drivers in the city of Miskolc]

GAJDOS Attila, HIRDI Henriett Éva

[The aim of the study: The authors’ objective was to reveal the state of health and lifestyle of taxi drivers. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 among taxi drivers in Miskolc (N=100), selected using a random, sampling method. The data gathering took place using paper-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The proprietary questionnaire used was based on the questionnaire used in the National Population Health Survey (OLEF) for the standard survey of health behaviour. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel Excel 2016, using a descriptive statistical method. Results: The average health value of taxi drivers was 3.39 on a scale of five grades. 79% of the drivers are overweight or obese. 56% have a chronic disease affecting one or more organ systems. Examining their state of health based on the psychosomatic symptoms scale, the respondents most frequently indicated back and lumbal pain, and sleep disorders. The Epworth somnolence scale caused by 8% slightly abnormal sleeping disorder. To filter OSAS study-aid by the responders 34% was the test positive. Conclusions: The results of survey revealed that the health condition of respondents is unsatisfying. Based on the results they can state, that taxi drivers health is worse in many ways than an average Hungarian adult. On the whole it can be concluded that health behavior of taxi drivers needs to be changed. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Hand Disinfection: the simplest method for preventing Nosocomial Infections]

SZEGEDI Bojtorné Ágnes

[It’s quintessential that health workers have primary role in the development of the healthcare associated infections. Personal hygiene always had a different role. In Hungary hand disinfection became important thanks to Ignac Semmelweis. The nurse-training became a national matter so the related education became unified. The National Public Health and Medical Officer Service’s Methodological Letter describes the detailed regulation of hand disinfection. The compliance is mandatory to every health worker. It’s strictly regulates how the health workers has to disinfect their hand and regulates which tool has to be used for hand disinfection and how they should take care of their hand. Researches were trying to disclose the reason of the neglection of hand disinfection. The literature says tackling the issue is a long proccess. Thus everyone has a role in the change, but the health workers has the biggest and most important role in it.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Impacto de la altura en el embarazo y en el producto de la gestación]

GUSTAVO F. Gonzales

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Importance of the Hyponatraemia in the Emergency Care]

PÓHR Kitti, KÖCSE Tamás, MESTERHÁZI András, BIERER Gábor, KARAMÁNNÉ Pakai Annamária

[The aim of the study: Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte abnormality in hospitalized patients. Certain drugs (eg, diuretics, antidepressants, and antiepileptics) have been implicated as established causes of either asymptomatic or symptomatic hyponatraemia. Studies proved correlation between hyponatremia and hospital mortality. Hyponatraemia remains asymptomatic in most cases, but if left untreated, it can cause life-threatening situations. Our aim was to examine the frequency of hyponatraemia in our hospital and its impact on the emergency care. Methods: A total of 75 patients were enrolled in the study with purposive sampling. We used descriptive and mathematical statistics with SPSS 22.0 software package for processing non-parametric statistical data. Results: Patients transferred by ambulance or arriving at the ER department came with dizziness, vomiting / diarrhea symptoms. Admission causes, were characteristic symptoms of hyponatraemia as well as non-specific neurological symptoms (headache, dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness) were found (n = 29). In addition, a common complaint of vomiting / diarrhea (n = 12), abdominal pain (n = 10). In particular, the complaint leading to a significant proportion of patients with hyponatraemia was not typical, but it was kind of trauma (n = 12). Nearly half of the patients (n = 36) were revenant. The most common diagnosis was hypertension (34%). 52% were taking medication that typically cause hyponatraemia. There were significant increase in the incidence of hyponatraemia in cases where the patient was taking diuretics. Conclusions: The diagnosis of hyponatraemia is based on the recording history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Preventive approach would reduce the number of hospital stays due to hyponatraemia, and this may indeed improve patients’ life expectancy. The disease itself is easily remedied, it can cause critical condition due to disregard.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Post-operative external Fixation in Adult and Pediatric Hand Surgery from a Nurse’s perspective]


[Performing postoperative nursing duties on hand surgical patients is a special field of nursing. Our goal is to demonstrate what special - observational and other - duties are rquired of an adult/pediatric hand surgical nurse.We also would like to broaden the knowledge of our nursing staff, because due to our shortage of workstaff we are often forced into substituting positions, and patient safety requires us to be practiced in this field. We will give an overview of the most common fixating techniques, post-operative nursing duties and most common complications.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae



[The cleft lip and palate (i.e. facial cleft) is a frequent and distorting abnormality. The basics of the successful management are the early introduction of therapy and a well-trained team with all relevant specialists included (surgeon, otolaryngologist, orthodontist, speech therapist) as well as good collaboration with the parents and general practitioners being also an important factor. The author with his co-workers has performed more than 6000 surgeries in about 3500 children with facial cleft in the last 45 years and has treated 60-70 patients annuallly with velopharyngeal insufficiency without cleft. According to his experience and international data he summarizes the etiology, pathomechanism of facial clefts and discusses its symptoms, functional consequences and the surgical and conservative solutions are suggested. The recent Hungarian prevalence is 1:500. Specific prevention does not exist, the 5-6% recurrent cleft risk may be decreased to half by administration of folic acid. The generally accepted timing of the lip plasty is the 3-month age. The palatoplasty may be performed in one or two stages, but closure of the velum should be made before the development of speech by all means. The logopedic treatment (speech therapy) should be started, if the speech disorder is already obvious and the child is able to cooperate with the speech therapist. If conservative therapy is unsuccessful, (velo)pharyngoplasty is proposed at the age of 5. The orthodontic treatment should begin in mixed dentition, major nose correction and oral surgery are allowed only after puberty. Just because of a cleft the infant does not aspirate, the brestfeeding is beneficial and could be performed in most cases. Regular hearing control is recommended because of frequent ear and hearing problems. It is suggested to provide the parents with written instruction about outcome, prognosis and timetable of management, which could be helpful also for the general practitioners.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The situation of healthcare vocational training and nurse training at the Ferenczi Sándor Healthcare Vocational School, Miskolc]


[Aim of the study: The author aims to examine the opinions of healthcare vocational school students participating in the survey, with regard to further education and working abroad. The study also examines how attractive nursing training is to the students, and whether the student scholarship program has any effect on their choice of major. She attempts to assess the extent to which the place of nursing in the employment hierarchy, and the dimension of prestige, influence the value that society places on nursing. Methodology and sample: The descriptive, prospective research was conducted by means of a questionnaire-based survey of 12-year students prior to taking their general secondary school examinations (n=106), and year 14-15 students in vocational training (n=137), at Ferenczi Sándor Healthcare Vocational School, Miskolc. The data was collated using the SPSS program, and the processing of the results thus obtained took place using statistical mathematical (frequency, correlative coefficient) techniques. Results: Some 58% of the students about to sit their general secondary school examinations would enrol for nurse training at the school if they received a monthly scholarship grant. A total of 83% of the students in vocational training would like to find work that matches their acquired qualification, 63% would like to remain in education, while 35% would like to start work immediately after sitting the examination. More than 80% of the students are attracted by the opportunity to work abroad. In their opinion the social perception of nursing is lower than that of the other occupations. Conclusions: Due to the low prestige of the nursing profession and the low pay, students are not inclined to choose nurse training; however, the system of scholarship grants, as a motivational force, serves as a positive incentive to continue studying. The lack of financial rewards, however, prompts many of them consider migration.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Social Values versus Nurses’ Values? Coherency of value research]

ÁRVAINÉ Honti Ágnes

[Those who are selected for BSc nursing training, have special values and value systems. The values can be approached, if we answer for the question, what is valuable to us. The values are incorporated into the personality during socialization and human interactions. Those who choose a helper occupation, have a special value preference, which predicts the success of the career. The author discuss the social values, the values that are necessary to a helper occupation and the values of those attending nursing training, summarizing the results of the main professional statements and research in connection with the theme.]

Lege Artis Medicinae


REJTŐ Kálmán

[The early diagnosis of the different types of hearing impairments and the adequate surgical or conservative therapy have changed in the last decades. Up-to-date objective audiological methods (otoacustic emission, auditory brain stem potentials, audiotory steady state potentials) and genetic laboratory examinations help us in the diagnosis of the congenital hearing impairments. Formerly, only patients with the different diseases of the middle ear consisted into the group for surgical rehabilitation but recently this has been completed with middle ear implantation of different types as well. In cases of sensoryneural hearing impairments of severe degree cochlear implantation is now possible and in the case of severe impairments nerve VIII brain stem implantation can be performed. The high level of the technical development brought revolution in the rehabilitation with hearing aids as well. The new digital technology, the sizes of the hearing aids, good cosmetic and excellent functional results help the medicaltechnical team in the optimal fulfilment of the demands and expectations. In the process of the complex rehabilitation with hearing aids, the exact diagnosis, the fitting of the proper hearing aids with individual ear moulds, the teaching and training and the care of the patient will bring the expected result.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[The importance of recognition and proper treatment of hypertension and the maintenance of adherence in hypertension care]

NEMCSIK János, PÁLL Dénes, JÁRAI Zoltán

[Hypertension is the leading cause of death and disability-adjusted life years. In the United States hypertension accounts for more cardiovascular (CV) deaths than any other modifiable CV disease risk factor and was second only to cigarette smoking as a preventable cause of death for any reason. In our country the situation is similar. In Hungary the number of subjects with hypertension is approximately 3.5 million and this high prevalence contributes markedly to the poor Hungarian CV morbidity and mortality figures. The recognition of hypertension, the initiation of drug therapy and the long-term follow- up of the patients is mainly the task of primary care. Besides that it inheres high responsibility, this is also a grateful commitment, as hypertension in most of the cases can be treated properly with lifestyle-changes and medications leading to a marked decrease of CV complications, especially stroke. In our review article we would like to focus on the high prevalence of hypertension worldwide as well as in our country, the exact implementation of screening, the risk reduction potential of the proper treatment and the importance of the long-term maintenance of treatment adherence.]