Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The analysis of influencing factors of population’s participation in colorectal screening programs]

HORVÁTHNÉ KÁNTOR Döniz Vivien1,2

OCTOBER 30, 2016

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2016;29(05)

[Aim of the study: The aim of the study was to investigate the influencing factors of participation in screening programs in the population, and to make suggestions to improve the participation rate of these programs. Sample and method: The study was retrospective and not randomised. Self-administered questionnaire was applied among general practitioners’ patients in specific outpatient units of Győr (n=210). SPSS statistical program was used to analyse the data with descriptive and mathematical statistics. Results: 30 % of the sample was male and 70% was female. 50% of the respondents did not know the colorectal screening methods, and only 30% participated in one of them. The reasons of refusal to participate in a screening program were lack of symptoms and fear of the investigation. 94% of the respondents thought that they and other people in their environment could be motivated to participate in the colorectal screening programs. The most effective method was indicated as adequate information about the programs provided by GPs. Conclusions: Our results showed that the given population does not have enough information about colorectal cancer and its screening methods, and several misleading information exists among them, which is resulted in low participation rate of screening programs. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Semmelweis Egyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Budapest
  2. Petz Aladár Megyei Oktató Kórház, Szülészeti és Nőgyógyászati Osztály, Győr

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