Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Prospective life-quality study after total hip replacement]

SOMLYAI Gyöngyi1, SKALICZKI Gábor2, ANTAL Imre 3, PERLAKY Tamás2, PIROSKA Nikolett4, SALLAI Imre3

DECEMBER 15, 2020

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2020;33(06)

Journal Article

[The aim was a scientific investigation of health-related quality-of-life outcomes of patients after total hip arthroplasty. We performed cohort, prospective, descriptive examination using the form of a questionnaire at the Orthopedic Clinic of the Semmelweis University in-patient department between May 2018 and January 2019. The investigation involved patients suffering from degenerative primary coxarthrosis scheduled for elective surgery. The study included thirty (n=30) patients with the average age of seventy-two. The gender distribution was the following: male 36% (11 persons) female 63% (19 persons). Before the operation 50% of the patients reported severe pain, while the other half described only a mild pain. Three months after surgery the pain decreased significantly (p<0,000). 70% of the investigated population reported severe preoperative gait difficulties, whereas only 30% had only mild walking difficulties after 3 weeks. Preoperative analgesic use was also significantly reduced (p=0,004). 40% of the patients used assistive devices for walking. This number reduced to 20% by the end of the research period. Considering the investigated dimensions the patients experienced significant improvement in their quality-of-life in the early postoperative period. Total hip arthroplasty is highly demanding for the patient and has an operational risk, but the expected benefit is substantial. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Semmelweis Egyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Ápolás és betegellátás szak
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem Ortopédiai Klinika
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem Ortopédiai Klinika
  4. Semmelweis Egyetem I. számú Sebészeti Klinika

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