Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Madeleine Leininger passed away]

PAPP Katalin

OCTOBER 20, 2012

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2012;25(05)

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[From an abstracting periodical to a scientific journal: Adolescence and coming of age of NŐVÉR (1993-2004) ]

FEDINECZNÉ Vittay Katalin

[In her contribution to mark the 25th volume of the journal NŐVÉR, the author looks back to a decade in the life of the journal when in her capacity as editor-in-chief, she was involved in shaping Hungary’s only nursing science journal. She takes stock, in chronological order, of the steps that resulted in turning an abstracting periodical into a scientific journal publishing peer-reviewed contributions with English abstracts and indexed in the international nursing science database. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The opinions of paediatric nurses on cooperation with children and their parents in hospital; the factors affecting such cooperation]

MIKLÓSI Mónika, GALAMBOSI Elvira, PERCZEL Forintos Dóra

[Aim of the study: To explore pediatric staff nurses’ perception of collaboration with hospitalized children and their parents and to study underlying factors. Methodology and sample: In a prospective longitudinal design, parents of children admitted to hospital for planned surgical intervention (n=91) filled out a questionnaire packet before hospitalization assessing demographical and socio-economical characteristics, as well as mental health status of children and parents. Staff nurses were asked to estimate parents’ and children’s collaboration during hospitalization (n=131). Results: Nurses’ ratings about parents’ collaboration were higher than their ratings about children’s collaboration. Child’s gender, age, parent’s level of education, family characteristics and length of hospital stay had an impact on the perception of collaboration with parents. Child’s age and prosocial behavior were related to the perception of collaboration between nurses and children. Conclusions: Nurses’ perception of children’s and parents’ collaboration was related to demographical and socio-economical factors. Identifying these factors may help to promote partnership among nurses, parents and hospitalized children. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The importance of transcultural nursing in the health care in Hungary]

BALOGH Zoltán

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Congratulations]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Epidemic among health care providers: burnout]

IRINYI Tamás, NÉMETH Anikó

[Aims of the study: To track the changes since 2008 in the degree of burnout among health care workers in Csongrád County, and to examine its connections with the evaluation of own health, frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, the intent to leave the profession, and the measure of fear from becoming unemployed. Methodology and sample: This is a cross-sectional study carried out through a self-designed self-report questionnaire sent to registered members of MESZK living in Csongrád County. Results: The number of burned-out health care workers increased since 2008. Burnout correlates with physical health (p<0.000), the intention to leave the profession (p<0.000), and the fear of losing the job (p<0.000). A significant increase could be observed by nurses starting their career. Conclusions: Burnout prevention trainings would be important also by career starters, which could also prevent profession leaving. ]

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[Dinamics of craniopharyngeomas reduction after Yttrium-90 colloid brachytherapy]

KOLUMBÁN Zsuzsa, BÁLINT Katalin, JULOW Jenő

[Objective - The aim of this study is to reveal the long-term effect of Yttrium-90 colloid radioisotope brachytherapy applied for the treatment of cystic craniopharyngiomas. To provide a mathematical expression that can describe the cyst reduction as a function of time in an accurate matter. Methods - Fourteen cystic craniopharyngiomas were selected for intracavital irradiation with stereotactically implanted beta-emitting radioisotope Yttrium-90 silicate colloid. The cumulative dose aimed at the inner surface of the cyst wall was ranging between 180-300 Gy. Volumes of the cysts were measured on image-fused control CT/MRI images for a 28-month period. Dose planning was done with our own software, while stereotactic calculations, volume calculations and image fusion were done with the BrainLab Target 1.19 software. Mathematical and statistical computations were carried out with the Matlab numeric computation and visualization software. To determine the volumes, the control images were fused with the planning images. Results - Relative volumes normalized with respect to the volume of cysts before irradation were determined from the patients’ measured data, the mean values of volumes were calculated, then a polynomial was fitted to the mean values using the polynomial curve fitting method. We have found that the dynamics describing the reduction of cysts can be expressed mathematically by the polynomial V=93.627-18.091t+1.473t2-0.054t3+0.0007t4, where „t” denotes the time in months passed after irradiation. The accuracy of our results was verified by correlating the predicted data with the measured ones. Conclusions - Our long-term results support the view, that intracavitary Yttrium-90 irradiation is a non invasvive and very effective method for treatment of craniopharyngioma cysts. The derived polynomial helps to 1. design the best treatment, 2. follow up patients’ condition and 3. plan a reirradiation if necessary.]

Hungarian Radiology

[György Springer has Passed Away 1928-2003]

TAKÁTS Erzsébet

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The fundamental concepts of transcultural nursing]

ČERVENÝ Martin

[This publication is focused on fundamental concepts of transcultural nursing. It aims to raise awareness of nurses the importance of transcultural nursing. The founder of transcultural nursing is Madeleine M. Leininger (1925-2012).]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[A popular error of histochemistry seems to be change]

BÉLY Miklós, KRUTSAY Miklós

[In medical practice there are a number of “truths etched in stone” that are passed on from textbook to textbook and learned by generations before they become obsolete. This short study aims to eliminate a misbelief from the diagnosis of gout that is related to the histological detectability of urate deposits. According to the generally accepted thesis, urate crystals obtained from patients with gout are dissolved in formalin solution, therefore, tissue samples should be fixated in alcohol. The authors have found that urate crystals can be detected on conventionally mounted, native (unstained) sections, despite formalin fixation, whereas the great majority of urate crystals are dissolved during haematoxylin-eosin staining. Therefore, for the detection of urate crystals the tissue samples should be examined on native, unstained sections.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Regulatory mechanisms in focal cerebral ischemia. Perspectives in neuroprotective treatment]

NAGY Zoltán, SIMON László, BORI Zoltán

[Permanent or temporary disruption of cerebral blood flow rapidly depletes brain regions of their limited energy reserves (glycogen, glucose, oxygen, ATP) leading to an energy crisis. Tissue damage occurs due to the energy crisis. The central part of the damage, the ischaemic “core” region is surrounded by zones of the shell-like penumbra. Necrotic, as well as apoptotic cell death could be identified in the penumbra. Going away from the ischaemic core different neurochemical processes are occuring by space and time.“Immediate early response” genes (c-fos, fos-B, c-Jun, krox 20, 24) are activated, heatshock proteins (hsp 70, 72, HSF, HSE, HIF), cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β), inflammatory factors (COX), adhesion and glial factors (ICAM-1, ELAM-1, P-selectin), vasoactive factors (IL -6, -10, PAF), reactive oxigen radicals and connected factors (O2, OH, NO, NOS, SOD) are produced within minutes and hours. Cell deaths, necrosis and apoptosis due to the activation of calpains, caspases and nucleases occur in days. In parallel, growth factors and plasticity proteins (BDNF, NGF, TGF-β, VEGF, PDGF, GAP-43) are activated as a basis of functional rehabilitation.]