Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Infection control, the application of hygiene protocols in acute patient care]

KISS Edit

AUGUST 30, 2013

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2013;26(04)

[Aim of the study: A key aspect of patient safety is the reduction, recognition and early treatment of nosocomial infections in order to improve the outcome indicators. The research aimed to assess and draw comparisons relating to whether workers in emergency and intensive-care departments have the appropriate attitude and skills in relation to the prevention of nosocomial hazards. The author also investigated the nature of any correlation between the results and the formal qualifications, employment relationship and motivation of the target group. Sample and method: The sample consisted of paramedical professionals working at the intensive-care and emergency departments of five hospitals in the capital. For the purpose of comparing the results of the study in a practical setting, three nursing activities were observed and evaluated with a questionnaire-based survey. (N=163) Results: Based on the results it can be concluded that the skills of paramedical professionals at emergency and intensive-care departments are satisfactory, but there are some shortcomings. It is clear that the paramedical professionals are aware of the role of the hands in transmitting infection. Of those surveyed, 90 nurses knew that a peripheral cannula needs to be replaced every 72 hours. The majority of the nurses (78%) are aware that the optimal interval for replacing breathing circuits is 24 hours. Conclusions: Non-compliance with the rules is often due to deficient policies, which is why management has an essential role in ensuring successful nosocomial surveillance. ]

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