Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Hungary is the cradle of Occupational Health Nursing Education ]

HIRDI Henriett Éva1,2,3

DECEMBER 31, 2013

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2013;26(06)

[Aim of the study: To research the origin and story of the Occupational Health Nursing in Hungary, to present the development of the factory nurse institutions which fell into oblivion by this time. Sample and Method: Collect and work up literature sources and legislation systematically issued between 1840 and 1950. Examine extant correspondence and reports of factories, enterprises and finishing-schools functioned before the socialization. The examined issues were the followings: aspects of the selection of those who fill factory nurse scope of activities, their qualification, role and esteem. Results: It was found that factory nurses were not selected out of working women. The first factory nurse course started in 1933 in Budapest. During ten years 150 students fulfilled the two-years full-time course based on the secondary education. Participants of the course had to suit strict admission requirements. Students of the course learnt about health, social, legal and cultural knowledge from noted professionals at that time. Factory nurses performed their activities basically at two locales: inside and outside of the factory. Qualified factory nurses were hold in great honour socially, even their rights were protected by collective agreement. Conclusions: Occupational Health Nurse Education has a 80-years-old history in Hungary, that throw new light upon theories until now about origin of Occupational Health Nursing. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Foglalkozás-egészségügyi Ápolók Európai Szövetsége
  2. Magyar Egészségügyi Szakdolgozói Kamara
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem Doktori Iskola

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