Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Examination of cardio-vascular risk factors in the priority of atrial fibrillation]

BÉKEFI-MENG Zsuzsa1, PAKAI Annamária2, SZUNOMÁR Szilvia3, VÁRADYNÉ HORVÁTH Ágnes3

APRIL 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(02)

[Objectives: Stroke-prophylaxis is the biggest question regarding atrial fibrillation. Their aim is to examine the risk factors, successfulness of frequency control, and the effectiveness of anticoagulant therapy. Methods: This quantitative cross-sectional study used a non-randomized sampling method. Enrollment criteria: anticoa-gulant therapy, atrial fibrillation, age 20-90 years, NYHA stage II. Excursion criteria: patients having elective intervention that influences INR rates. Patient data was collected from the records of the University of Pécs, Cardiology Clinic between 01.01.2012-31.12. They used linear regression, T-test, χ2-test, variance analysis (ANOVA), SPSS 20.0. Results: Significant correlation between BMI values-, systolic blood pressure-, modified medication and its effect on frequency control-, correct anticoagulant therapy, INR parameters and the increased risk of thromboembolia in patients with atrial fibrillation. (p<0.05) Conclusion: Stratification of risk factors and individual optimisation of anticoagulant therapy is important for effective stroke prevention and increased survival rate.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. PTE KK Szívgyógyászati Klinika
  2. PTE ETK, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet, Védőnő és Prevenciós Tanszék
  3. PTE Egészségtudományi Kar, Pécsi Képzési Központ, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet

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[An examination of knowledge about cervical cancer Roma women in Hungary]

BOGDÁNNÉ BASA Eszter, VAJDA Réka, VÁRADYNÉ HORVÁTH Ágnes, KARÁCSONY Ilona, PAKAI Annamária

[The aim of our study was to assess the main reasons for romany women to stay away from cervical cancer screening and knowledge about cervical cancer. Methods: We carried out a quantitative, cross-sectional study with non-probability convenience sampling in 2016. Our sample consists of romany women living in the agglomeration of Nagyatád, Hungary (N=126). In the questionnaire we measured reasons for non-attendance and knowledge. During statistical analysis we calculated descriptive statistics, χc2-test and t-test (p<0,05). Results: Mean age of responders is 37,45±12,05 years. 26,2% of women have not attended any kind of gynecological screening in their life. Mean age of women when they attended for screening for the first time was 24,05±8,96 years (n=91). Main score of the knowledge test is 31,4±3,93 points. According to knowledge level there is no connection between attendants and non-attendants(p>0,05). Conclusions: The lack of knowledge determines the participating willingness, to increase has been possible by organized knowledge transmitter performances.]

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[The aim of the study: Assess epirubicin contamination during bladder instillation with or without the use of a closed system drug transfer device (CSTD). Material and Methods: Four hospital sites participated in an experimental wipe study (3 used, 1 did not use a CSTD [control]). Samples were frozen and transported to Germany for liquid chromatography analysis. Samples were taken from seven surfaces following drug reconstitution and patient administration. Group differences were analyzed by one way ANOVA. Results: There was a major difference in contamination between CSTD and non-CSTD use (F = 7,63; p < 0,001); the workflow without the use of a CSTD showed much greater amounts of epirubicin left behind. There wasn’t any difference in contamination across sites using a CSTD. Conclusions: Without a CSTD epirubicin contamination was high. The CSTD was shown to be effective to minimize the health risk of nurses. We recommend that CSTD be implemented in routine nursing practice.]

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[Atrial fibrillation (PF) is the most common arrhythmia on the basis of analyzes conducted in different regions of the world. The main reason for this is the aging of the population. High blood pressure is one of the major factors of mortality in both developed and poor economical countries. The combined presence of the two diseases presents many hazards to our body. The most significant of these is the development of thromboembolic stroke, which is constantly increasing with age. The author analyzes in detail the aetiology called atrial cardiomyopathy, behind which there are complex structural, architectural, contractile and electro-physiological changes and leads to clinical manifestation of PF.]

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