Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Biomonitoring of lead exposure among workers: the role of the occupational health nurse ]

SZOBOTA Lívia

OCTOBER 30, 2019

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2019;32(05)

[Biological monitoring (biomonitoring) in occupational safety and health is the detection of substances (biomarkers) in biological samples of workers, compared to reference values. This article is limited to Lead (Pb) exposures, as it is one of the most important models for biomonitoring of exposure, with the blood Pb concentration as a predominant choice in occupational health. This article examines the nature of and risk factors for lead exposure among workers, the scope of the problem, the legislative and regulatory framework relevant to biomonitoring, and the role of occupational health nurses in promoting a culture of safety to prevent exposures. ]

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

Use of Imogene King’s Nursing Model in the Care for a Patient with Heart Arrhythmias

CLOUBOVÁ Ivana, BULAVA Alan

Objectives: To discover the benefits of implementation of Imogene King’s nursing model into nursing care in a patient with arrhythmias. To find out how these patients are limited in saturation of their own needs and what are the most severe limitations for patients with arrhythmias. Material and methods: Qualitative research using semi-structured interviews. The interview with patients with arrhythmia was conducted in accordance with the structure of King’s nursing model. Results: The research group consisted of 20 respondents; 13 men and seven women. All respondents expressed satisfaction with their cooperation with staff. The respondents described a change in the subjectively perceived state, the psychic state, and emotions. Conclusions: Assessment of the subjectively perceived quality of life of patients with arrhythmias using the King’s interaction model allows nurses to see the patient from the holistic point of view and plan and provide individualized care.

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Multimorbidity among older people participating in geriatric exercise programme]

KOVÁCS Éva, VIRÁG Anikó, MÉSZÁROS Lászlóné, HARKÁNYI Izabella, SIMON András

[Objective: To determine the exercises and dosis of the effective and safe geriatric exercise programme it is essential to know that what kind of chronic diseases an elderly people suffer from. However, the old age is characterized by multimorbidity which means that the same person may have two or more chronic diseases at the same time. Methods: The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with aged and multimorbidity among older people participating in geriatric exercise programme. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaire at sites of geriatric exercises programmes, Budapest. Results: Seventy one percent of the sample of 180 participantes (N=128) suffered from more than one chronic diseases. In our sample, the proportion of people with osteoporosis and obesity was significantly higher than the national average. At the same time, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, lower limb joint disease, cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction was significantly lower than the national average. As regards to asthma and hypertension the proportions observed in our sample did not differ from the national average. Conclusions: In case of newcommer older people we need to pay more attention to the effects of chronic diseases associated with aging and of multimorbidity.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Point of Care Testing and Arterial Blood Gas Analysis: Implications for nursing]

PÁPAI Tibor

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Choosing a Career 2020 - a report about the Chamber’s campaign promoting the healthcare vocation ]

BALOGH Zoltán, BABONITS Tamásné

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The challenges of education in gestational diabetes ]

SEBESTYÉN Anett Katalin

[The aim of the author is to draw attention to difficulties of pregnant women’s education who suffer from gestational diabetes. Due to the global increase of gestational diabetes, this topic’s importance and actuality is getting more relevant. The key of the successful diabetes treatment is the education. In the course of that it is important to choose a strategy, with that the patient can get as much special skills as she can and will be able to keep the ideal and progressive balance of metabolism. Through to the personal education here is a chance to put an end to the patient’s fears, to increase their motivation and to encourage them. ]

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[Pioneers in Occupational Health Nursing]

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[Occupational health nurses play exceptional role in terms of their practice, they are trained to have an understanding of the special interaction between work and health. The beginnings of occupational health nursing can be traced back to the Industrial Revolution. This article is a summary of information about the first documented occupational health nurses in the late 19th century. The authors briefly present the best-known nurses’ lifeway and particular roles in this field.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

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SZOBOTA Lívia, HIRDI Henriett Éva, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the research: The authors’ objective was to reveal the state of health, lifestyle and health behaviour of economically active population. Research and sampling methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted among white-collar workers in Hungary, selected using a random, sampling method. The data gathering took place using web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The proprietary questionnaire used was based on the questionnaire used in the National Population Health Survey (OLEF) for the standard survey of health behaviour. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2010 software, using chi-square test and descriptive statistical method. They regarded the value of p <0,05 as significant. Results: The survey was completed by 735 workers (63% man, 37% woman). The average health value of workeres in the survey was 9.6 on a scale of ten grades. We separately analysed smoking habits and physical activity. Examining their state of health based on the psychosomatic symptoms scale, the respondents most frequently indicated back and lumbal pain, and sleep disorders. Conclusions: The results of survey revealed that the health condition of respondents is unsatisfying. Many white-collar workers are suffering from psychosomatic symptoms. On the whole it can be concluded that health behavior of workers needs to be changed. ]