Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Biomonitoring of lead exposure among workers: the role of the occupational health nurse ]


OCTOBER 30, 2019

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2019;32(05)

[Biological monitoring (biomonitoring) in occupational safety and health is the detection of substances (biomarkers) in biological samples of workers, compared to reference values. This article is limited to Lead (Pb) exposures, as it is one of the most important models for biomonitoring of exposure, with the blood Pb concentration as a predominant choice in occupational health. This article examines the nature of and risk factors for lead exposure among workers, the scope of the problem, the legislative and regulatory framework relevant to biomonitoring, and the role of occupational health nurses in promoting a culture of safety to prevent exposures. ]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Multimorbidity among older people participating in geriatric exercise programme]

KOVÁCS Éva, VIRÁG Anikó, MÉSZÁROS Lászlóné, HARKÁNYI Izabella, SIMON András

[Objective: To determine the exercises and dosis of the effective and safe geriatric exercise programme it is essential to know that what kind of chronic diseases an elderly people suffer from. However, the old age is characterized by multimorbidity which means that the same person may have two or more chronic diseases at the same time. Methods: The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with aged and multimorbidity among older people participating in geriatric exercise programme. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaire at sites of geriatric exercises programmes, Budapest. Results: Seventy one percent of the sample of 180 participantes (N=128) suffered from more than one chronic diseases. In our sample, the proportion of people with osteoporosis and obesity was significantly higher than the national average. At the same time, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, lower limb joint disease, cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction was significantly lower than the national average. As regards to asthma and hypertension the proportions observed in our sample did not differ from the national average. Conclusions: In case of newcommer older people we need to pay more attention to the effects of chronic diseases associated with aging and of multimorbidity.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Point of Care Testing and Arterial Blood Gas Analysis: Implications for nursing]


Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Choosing a Career 2020 - a report about the Chamber’s campaign promoting the healthcare vocation ]


Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

Use of Imogene King’s Nursing Model in the Care for a Patient with Heart Arrhythmias


Objectives: To discover the benefits of implementation of Imogene King’s nursing model into nursing care in a patient with arrhythmias. To find out how these patients are limited in saturation of their own needs and what are the most severe limitations for patients with arrhythmias. Material and methods: Qualitative research using semi-structured interviews. The interview with patients with arrhythmia was conducted in accordance with the structure of King’s nursing model. Results: The research group consisted of 20 respondents; 13 men and seven women. All respondents expressed satisfaction with their cooperation with staff. The respondents described a change in the subjectively perceived state, the psychic state, and emotions. Conclusions: Assessment of the subjectively perceived quality of life of patients with arrhythmias using the King’s interaction model allows nurses to see the patient from the holistic point of view and plan and provide individualized care.

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The challenges of education in gestational diabetes ]

SEBESTYÉN Anett Katalin

[The aim of the author is to draw attention to difficulties of pregnant women’s education who suffer from gestational diabetes. Due to the global increase of gestational diabetes, this topic’s importance and actuality is getting more relevant. The key of the successful diabetes treatment is the education. In the course of that it is important to choose a strategy, with that the patient can get as much special skills as she can and will be able to keep the ideal and progressive balance of metabolism. Through to the personal education here is a chance to put an end to the patient’s fears, to increase their motivation and to encourage them. ]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Occupational Health Nursing in the Netherlands: Study Trip Review]

HIRDI Henriett Éva

[In October 2012 the author had the opportunity to spend 4 days in the Netherlands on a study trip. The purpose of the trip was to exchange information about the nursing education facilities and the tasks of Occupational Health Nurses in the Netherlands. The study tour supported by the Federation of Occupational Health Nurses within the European Union. Although the length of the trip was relatively short, the impact and exposure it brought to the author was definitely enormous. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Elements of health literacy among the Hungarian working population]

SZOBOTA Lívia, HIRDI Henriett Éva, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the research: The authors’ objective was to reveal the state of health, lifestyle and health behaviour of economically active population. Research and sampling methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted among white-collar workers in Hungary, selected using a random, sampling method. The data gathering took place using web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The proprietary questionnaire used was based on the questionnaire used in the National Population Health Survey (OLEF) for the standard survey of health behaviour. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2010 software, using chi-square test and descriptive statistical method. They regarded the value of p <0,05 as significant. Results: The survey was completed by 735 workers (63% man, 37% woman). The average health value of workeres in the survey was 9.6 on a scale of ten grades. We separately analysed smoking habits and physical activity. Examining their state of health based on the psychosomatic symptoms scale, the respondents most frequently indicated back and lumbal pain, and sleep disorders. Conclusions: The results of survey revealed that the health condition of respondents is unsatisfying. Many white-collar workers are suffering from psychosomatic symptoms. On the whole it can be concluded that health behavior of workers needs to be changed. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[The connection between the socioeconomic status and stroke in Budapest]


[The well-known gap bet­ween stroke mortality of Eastern and Western Euro­pean countries may reflect the effect of socioeconomic diffe­rences. Such a gap may be present between neighborhoods of different wealth within one city. We set forth to compare age distribution, incidence, case fatality, mortality, and risk factor profile of stroke patients of the poorest (District 8) and wealthiest (District 12) districts of Budapest. We synthesize the results of our former comparative epidemiological investigations focusing on the association of socioeconomic background and features of stroke in two districts of the capital city of Hungary. The “Budapest District 8–12 project” pointed out the younger age of stroke patients of the poorer district, and established that the prevalence of smoking, alcohol-consumption, and untreated hypertension is also higher in District 8. The “Six Years in Two Districts” project involving 4779 patients with a 10-year follow-up revealed higher incidence, case fatality and mortality of stroke in the less wealthy district. The younger patients of the poorer region show higher risk-factor prevalence, die younger and their fatality grows faster during long-term follow-up. The higher prevalence of risk factors and the higher fatality of the younger age groups in the socioeconomically deprived district reflect the higher vulnerability of the population in District 8. The missing link between poverty and stroke outcome seems to be lifestyle risk-factors and lack of adherence to primary preventive efforts. Public health campaigns on stroke prevention should focus on the young generation of socioeconomi­cally deprived neighborhoods. ]