Hungarian Radiology

[The history of the Department of Radiology at Szabolcs street hospital]

FORRAI Gábor, LAKI András, BOHÁR László, FORNET Béla

DECEMBER 20, 2007

Hungarian Radiology - 2007;81(07-08)

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Hungarian Radiology

[The 16th Congress and Postgraduate Training Course of the Hungarian Society for Neuroradiology Debrecen, 25-27 October 2007]

Hungarian Radiology

[Dental-CT imaging]

SZABÓ Tünde, BAGI Róbert, MONOKI Erzsébet, BANDULA Mihály

[Nowadays the widespread application of dental and oral surgical procedures and the use of dental implants established the need of special examination of the jaw. These implants are mainly made of metal and surgically imbedded into the edentulous jaw. Metallic artefacts deteriorate the diagnostic value of conventional X-ray. In the past years, the use of multislice CT technique and dental reformatting program can demonstrate structures which were hardly or not visible due to their shape and location. The aim of this review is to introduce this special dental CT program.]

Hungarian Radiology

[VIII. Croatian-Hungarian-Slovenian Symposium of Radiology - Vukovar]

VÁRADY Edit, TÓTH László

Hungarian Radiology

[Abdominal and thoracal manifestations of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in children]

VÁRKONYI Ildikó, NYITRAI Anna, MAGYAROSY Edina, RÉNYI Imre, SZEBERÉNYI Júlia, KIS Éva

[INTRODUCTION - Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder is a secondary disease of transplanted patients, usually with good response to reduction of immunsuppressive therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS - The lymphoproliferative disorder was diagnosed in four children among 139, renal, liver and lung transplanted patients. Clinical data (original disease, transplanted organ, age and time elapsed since transplantation at the diagnosis of the disorder) and imaging findings (chest X-ray, thoracal and abdominal computed tomography scans) were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS - Thoracal and abdominal forms were the most frequent manifestations of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in our patients. Following features have been diagnosed on imaging studies: multiple liver nodules (two cases), multiple nodules in the renal parenchyma (two cases), splenomegaly (two cases), bowel wall thickening (two cases). Retroperitoneal and mesenteric lymph node enlargement was found in all patients. Thoracal manifestations were as follows: mediastinal lymphadenopathy (two cases), hilar mass (one case), multiple pulmonary nodules (one case). Renal rupture with perirenal hematoma in one case, hilar mass envolving the main bronchus in one case, hepatic abscesses necessitating drainage in one case, and bowel wall necrosis in one case were the complications of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder. CONCLUSION - Presenting symptoms are aspecific, often mimicking infection. Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder has to be excluded if aspecific symptoms in a transplanted patient are present, or the patient does not react properly on antibiotics. First step investigations include chest X-ray and abdominal sonography. Neck, chest and abdominal CT are mandatory for detecting all manifestations, for staging the disease and to determine the best localization of obligatory biopsy.]

Hungarian Radiology

[Neuroradiology, Which Way You Go? Roundtable Discussion at the 16th Congress of the Hungarian Society for Neuroradiology Debrecen, 27 October 2007]

BERÉNYI Ervin

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MAIHOUB Stefani, MOLNÁR András, CSIKÓS András, KANIZSAI Péter, TAMÁS László, SZIRMAI Ágnes

[Background – Dizziness is one of the most frequent complaints when a patient is searching for medical care and resolution. This can be a problematic presentation in the emergency department, both from a diagnostic and a management standpoint. Purpose – The aim of our study is to clarify what happens to patients after leaving the emergency department. Methods – 879 patients were examined at the Semmel­weis University Emergency Department with vertigo and dizziness. We sent a questionnaire to these patients and we had 308 completed papers back (110 male, 198 female patients, mean age 61.8 ± 12.31 SD), which we further analyzed. Results – Based on the emergency department diagnosis we had the following results: central vestibular lesion (n = 71), dizziness or giddiness (n = 64) and BPPV (n = 51) were among the most frequent diagnosis. Clarification of the final post-examination diagnosis took several days (28.8%), and weeks (24.2%). It was also noticed that 24.02% of this population never received a proper diagnosis. Among the population only 80 patients (25.8%) got proper diagnosis of their complaints, which was supported by qualitative statistical analysis (Cohen Kappa test) result (κ = 0.560). Discussion – The correlation between our emergency department diagnosis and final diagnosis given to patients is low, a phenomenon that is also observable in other countries. Therefore, patient follow-up is an important issue, including the importance of neurotology and possibly neurological examination. Conclusion – Emergency diagnosis of vertigo is a great challenge, but despite of difficulties the targeted and quick case history and exact examination can evaluate the central or peripheral cause of the balance disorder. Therefore, to prevent declination of the quality of life the importance of further investigation is high.]

Clinical Neuroscience

The etiology and age-related properties of patients with delirium in coronary intensive care unit and its effects on inhospital and follow up prognosis

ALTAY Servet, GÜRDOGAN Muhammet, KAYA Caglar, KARDAS Fatih, ZEYBEY Utku, CAKIR Burcu, EBIK Mustafa, DEMIR Melik

Delirium is a syndrome frequently encountered in intensive care and associated with a poor prognosis. Intensive care delirium is mostly based on general and palliative intensive care data in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of delirium in coronary intensive care unit (CICU), related factors, its relationship with inhospital and follow up prognosis, incidence of age-related delirium and its effect on outcomes. This study was conducted with patients hospitalized in CICU of a tertiary university hospital between 01 August 2017 and 01 August 2018. Files of all patients were examined in details, and demographic, clinic and laboratory parameters were recorded. Patients confirmed with psychiatry consultation were included in the groups of patients who developed delirium. Patients were divided into groups with and without delirium developed, and baseline features, inhospital and follow up prognoses were investigated. In addition, patients were divided into four groups as <65 years old, 65-75 yo, 75-84 yo and> 85 yo, and the incidence of delirium, related factors and prognoses were compared among these groups. A total of 1108 patients (mean age: 64.4 ± 13.9 years; 66% men) who were followed in the intensive care unit with variable indications were included in the study. Of all patients 11.1% developed delirium in the CICU. Patients who developed delirium were older, comorbidities were more frequent, and these patients showed increased inflammation findings, and significant increase in inhospital mortality compared to those who did not develop delirium (p<0.05). At median 9-month follow up period, rehospitalization, reinfarction, cognitive dysfunction, initiation of psychiatric therapy and mortality were significantly higher in the delirium group (p<0.05). When patients who developed delirium were divided into four groups by age and analyzed, incidence of delirium and mortality rate in delirium group were significantly increased by age (p<0.05). Development of delirium in coronary intensive care unit is associated with increased inhospital and follow up morbidity and mortality. Delirium is more commonly seen in geriatric patients and those with comorbidity, and is associated with a poorer prognosis. High-risk patients should be more carefully monitored for the risk of delirium.

Clinical Neuroscience

Simultaneous subdural, subarachnoideal and intracerebral haemorrhage after rupture of a peripheral middle cerebral artery aneurysm

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The cause of intracerebral, subarachnoid and subdural haemorrhage is different, and the simultaneous appearance in the same case is extremely rare. We describe the case of a patient with a ruptured aneurysm on the distal segment of the middle cerebral artery, with a concomitant subdural and intracerebral haemorrhage, and a subsequent secondary brainstem (Duret) haemorrhage. The 59-year-old woman had hypertension and diabetes in her medical history. She experienced anomic aphasia and left-sided headache starting one day before admission. She had no trauma. A few minutes after admission she suddenly became comatose, her breathing became superficial. Non-contrast CT revealed left sided fronto-parietal subdural and subarachnoid and intracerebral haemorrhage, and bleeding was also observed in the right pontine region. The patient had leucocytosis and hyperglycemia but normal hemostasis. After the subdural haemorrhage had been evacuated, the patient was transferred to intensive care unit. Sepsis developed. Echocardiography did not detect endocarditis. Neurological status, vigilance gradually improved. The rehabilitation process was interrupted by epileptic status. Control CT and CT angiography proved an aneurysm in the peripheral part of the left middle cerebral artery, which was later clipped. Histolo­gical examination excluded mycotic etiology of the aneu­rysm and “normal aneurysm wall” was described. The brain stem haemorrhage – Duret bleeding – was presumably caused by a sudden increase in intracranial pressure due to the supratentorial space occupying process and consequential trans-tentorial herniation. This case is a rarity, as the patient not only survived, but lives an active life with some residual symptoms.

Clinical Neuroscience

Autonomic nervous system may be affected after carpal tunnel syndrome surgery: A possible mechanism for persistence of symptoms after surgery

ONDER Burcu, KELES Yavuz Betul

After carpal tunnel surgery, some patients report complaints such as edema, pain, and numbness. Purpose – The aim of this study was to evaluate autonomic nervous system function in patients with a history of carpal tunnel surgery using sympathetic skin response (SSR). Thirty three patients (55 ±10 years old) with a history of unilateral operation for carpal tunnel syndrome were included in the study. The SSR test was performed for both hands. Both upper extremities median and ulnar nerve conduction results were recorded. A reduced amplitude (p=0.006) and delayed latency (p<0.0001) were detected in the SSR test on the operated side compared to contralateral side. There was no correlation between SSR and carpal tunnel syndrome severity. Although complex regional pain syndrome does not develop in patients after carpal tunnel surgery, some of the complaints may be caused by effects on the autonomic nervous system.

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