Hungarian Immunology

[Scientific program]

OCTOBER 20, 2007

Hungarian Immunology - 2007;6(05)

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Hungarian Immunology

[EULAR 2007]

SZEKANECZ Zoltán

Hungarian Immunology

[Waiting for DROP]

SZEKANECZ Zoltán

Hungarian Immunology

[Examination of leukocyte-endothel interactions in inflammatory animal models]

GONDA Andrea, MIKECZ Katalin, HUNYADI János

[Leukocyte influx into tissues is one of the hallmarks of physiological reactions to inflammatory stimuli, which is followed by a multistep process, resulting in leukocyte extravasation from the postcapillary venules. The different kinds of adhesion molecules, that play role in the rolling and firm adhesion of the leukocytes, have been investigated very intensively. By the help of animal models of inflammation, numerous individuals, being in the same stage of the disease, can be examined. The requirement for the adhesion molecules for inflammatory responses could be investigated with antibodies or, nowadays more often, gene knock out (KO) or transgenic mice. Beside evaluating the morphological and cytokine profile differences, using intravital microscopy is of great importance in the inflammatory experiments, while it allows observing interactions of virtually any blood cell types with the endothelial wall in vivo. The results are sometimes conflicting, indicating that the process of leukocyte-endothel interactions depends on different kind of other factors than the adhesion molecules, and still not fully understood.]

Hungarian Immunology

[Alpha calcidol treatment in patients with psoriatic arthropathy: clinical and immunological effects]

GAÁL János, LAKOS Gabriella, ALEKSZA Magdolna, KISS Judit, HORVÁTH Irén, HORKAY Edit, NAGY Georgina, SZEGEDI Andrea

[OBJECTIVE - Our objective was to describe the functional changes of the immune system also to evaluate the clinical parameters during systemic alphacalcidol (1αOH vitamin D3) treatment in patients with psoriatic arthropathy. PATIENTS AND METHOD - Nineteen patients with peripheral polyarticular form of psoriatic arthropathy were investigated. Ten patients were treated with daily 2×25 mcg alphacalcidol per os for 6 months and the other 9 patients served as controls. Three visits (at start, 3 and 6 months later) were carried out during the study, changes in the laboratory and clinical parameters were examined and analysed statistically in the treated and control groups. RESULTS - In the peripheral blood of the treated group a statistically significant decrease in the percentage of CD3/CD69 positive activated and CD8 positive IFNγ producing T cells was observed and the serum level of IFNγ also showed a significant decrease during the first 3 months. Another three months later no change in the above mentioned variables could be detected. Additionally, there was a significant decrease in the clinical activity of the disease using DAS28 score during the whole 6 months follow up period. In the control group no significant changes were observed. CONCLUSION - Our results show that systemic alphacalcidol treatment has a notable immune modulatory effect on patients with psoriatic arthropathy. This effect is manifested in short-term temporary decrease of type 1 immune responses and continuous decrease in the disease activity.]

Hungarian Immunology

[FORTHCOMING CONGRESSES]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Hypertension and nephrology

[Association between cyclothymic affective temperament and hypertension]

NEMCSIK János, BATTA Dóra, KŐRÖSI Beáta, RIHMER Zoltán

[Affective temperaments (cyclothymic, hypertymic, depressive, anxious, irritable) are stable parts of personality and after adolescent only their minor changes are detectable. Their connections with psychopathology is well-described; depressive temperament plays role in major depression, cyclothymic temperament in bipolar II disorder, while hyperthymic temperament in bipolar I disorder. Moreover, scientific data of the last decade suggest, that affective temperaments are also associated with somatic diseases. Cyclothymic temperament is supposed to have the closest connection with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension is higher parallel with the presence of dominant cyclothymic affective temperament and in this condition the frequency of cardiovascular complications in hypertensive patients was also described to be higher. In chronic hypertensive patients cyclothymic temperament score is positively associated with systolic blood pressure and in women with the earlier development of hypertension. The background of these associations is probably based on the more prevalent presence of common risk factors (smoking, obesity, alcoholism) with more pronounced cyclothymic temperament. The scientific importance of the research of the associations of personality traits including affective temperaments with somatic disorders can help in the identification of higher risk patient subgroups.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Decisional collisions between evidence and experience based medicine in care of people with epilepsy]

RAJNA Péter

[Background – Based on the literature and his long-term clinical practice the author stresses the main collisions of evidence and experience based medicine in the care of people with epilepsy. Purpose – To see, what are the professional decisions of high responsibility in the epilepsy-care, in whose the relevant clinical research is still lacking or does not give a satisfactory basis. Methods – Following the structure of the Hungarian Guideline the author points the critical situations and decisions. He explains also the causes of the dilemmas: the lack or uncertainty of evidences or the difficulty of scientific investigation of the situation. Results – There are some priorities of experience based medicine in the following areas: definition of epilepsy, classification of seizures, etiology – including genetic background –, role of precipitating and provoking factors. These are able to influence the complex diagnosis. In the pharmacotherapy the choice of the first drug and the optimal algorithm as well as the tasks during the care are also depends on personal experiences sometimes contradictory to the official recommendations. Same can occur in the choice of the non-pharmacological treatments and rehabilitation. Discussion and conclusion – Personal professional experiences (and interests of patients) must be obligatory accessories of evidence based attitude, but for achieving the optimal results, in some situations they replace the official recommendations. Therefore it is very important that the problematic patients do meet experts having necessary experiences and also professional responsibility to help in these decisions. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Guidelines for the treatment of traumatic brain injury - 2017]

BÜKI András, BARZÓ Pál, DEMETER Béla, KANIZSAI Péter, EZER Erzsébet, TÓTH Péter, HORVÁTH Péter, VARGA Csaba

[Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is recognized to be the main cause of death and disability in the first four decades representing a major socio-economical problem worldwide. Recent communications revealed a particularly worrying image about the quality of care for TBI in Hungary. For any improvement a systematic approach characterized by utilization of scientific evidence based guidelines forming the basis for close monitoring of the actual care are considered a prerequisite. In Hungary the first evidence based guidelines in the field of TBI have been issued by the National Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care more than two decades ago followed by joint guidelines of the Hungarian Neurosurgical Society and the Hungarian College of Neurosurgeons. These publications were primarily based on the work of the European Brain Injury Consortium as well as guidelines issued by the Brain Trauma Foundation. Recent renewal of the latter and a need to refresh the outdated national guidelines was met by a call from regulatory authorities to issue the updated version of the Hungarian TBI-guidelines. The present review is aimed to briefly summarize the most fundamental elements of the national head injury guidelines that would hopefully be officially issued in a far more detailed format soon.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[SCIENTIFIC DIGEST]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Prevalence and care of prediabetic patients in the Hungarian hypertensive population]

KÉKES Ede, KISS István

[Authors studies the incidence of hypertensive patients with prediabetes - according to the IFG criteria - based on the 2005 Hungarian Hypertension registry (38849 subject) and on the „Live under 140/90” sub-program („Prevent it”) (23670 subject) database. The presences of diabetes patients were excluded. IFG incidence (from 5,6 to 7,1 mmol/l) was found between 13-18% of the adult population over 40 years. In men, the incidence was significantly higher. In individuals with IFG the BMI, waist circumference values were significantly higher than the average normal values and exceeded the danger zone. For women significantly higher values were found. These patients had higher total cholesterol and blood pressure values. After three months of intensive supervision, counseling, care over every 40 years age group - without medication - significantly decrease the fasting blood glucose values. They presented the international experiences of prediabetes.]