Clinical Oncology - 2021;8(2)

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[The role of next-generation sequencing in clinival oncology]

KOTMAYER Lili, BÖDÖR Csaba

[Over the past decade next-generation sequencing has led to the in-depth understanding of the molecular background and driving mechanisms in most types of cancer. Parallel to the technological advances, novel targeted therapies have become available for oncology patients. As a result of this process, molecular diagnostics is now one of the main cornerstones of precision medicine with predictive biomarkers aiding patient care in oncology. In addition to standard monogenic testings, recently... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[Combining angiogenesis- and checkpoint-inhibitors to potentiate each other’s effects]

PIKÓ Béla, BASSAM Ali, MARIK László

[Both, the inhibition of angiogenesis and the influence of immune-mediated processes play significantly growing role in non-surgical treatment of tumors. Neoangiogenesis of neoplasmas adversely affects the function of the immune system, so its inhibition enhances the action of T-lymphocytes and other factors that support their function, favorably affects the microenvironment of the tumor, while treatment with immune signaling sites helps to normalize the vascular system. Influencing those two... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[Reshaping preoperative treatment of pancreatic cancer in the era of precision medicine]

CASOLINO R, BRACONI C, MALLEO G, PAIELLA S, BASSI G, MILELLA M, DREYER S B, FROELING FE M, CHANG D K, BIANKIN A V, GOLAN T

[Summary – This review summarises the recent evidence on preoperative therapeutic strategies in pancreatic cancer and discusses the rationale for an imminent need for a personalised therapeutic approach in non-metastatic disease. The molecular diversity of pancreatic cancer and its influence on prognosis and treatment response, combined with the failure of ‘all-comer’ treatments to significantly impact on patient outcomes, requires a paradigm shift towards a genomic-driven approach. This is... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[Microsatellites act as „seismographs” of the genome]

SÜKÖSD Farkas

[Short non-protein-coding repetitive regions consisting of 1-6 bp sequences are called microsatellites. Failure in DNA polymerase activity during replication may lead to an increase or reduction in the number of these repeats. Generally, these microsatellite number variations are corrected via the DNA repair machinery; if not, the alterations are transmitted to the progeny, which is also indicated by the elevated mutation rate in the offspring. Microsatellite instability (MSI) can also cause... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[EMDR therapy in the treatment of oncology patients]

HAVELKA Judit

[The diagnosis and treatment of a life-threatening disease such as cancer involves exposure to psychological and physical stress and may constitute a traumatic experience for most people. Abnormal adaptation of neurobiological systems to the stress following experienced trauma, furthermore, individual fac­tors such as previous traumas may also play a role in PTSD development. In the context of oncology, there is a specific need to develop better tools for psychological assessment, that address... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[Radiotherapy induced secondary malignancies]

VALIKOVICS Anikó, FEKETE Gábor, SZABÓ Imre, BOLOBÁS Gábor, SEBŐK Gábriel, RÉVÉSZ János

[Radiation therapy is an integral part of oncology treatments, and almost half of the patients receive radiation as a curative or palliative treatment. Thanks to modern oncology strategies survival period is getting longer, how-ever, approx. one-fifth of patients also experiences the development of second tumor. According to recent studies, oncological treatment itself may be associated with the development of a secondary tumor. It is estimated that 5-8% of such cases may be due to... tovább »

Clinical Oncology

JUNE 30, 2021

[Relevance of adrenal insufficiency in the management of oncological patients]

IGAZ Péter

[Adrenal insufficiency has a complex relevance in oncology. On one hand, malignant tumors warranting treatment might develop in patients suffering from adrenal insufficiency, on the other hand, adrenal insufficiency might appear due to the progression of malignant tumor or to its therapy. During the progression of oncological disease, bilateral adrenal or very rarely pituitary metastases could result in adrenal insufficiency. Novel immune-checkpoint inhibitors, opioids and long-term... tovább »