Clinical Neuroscience

TLR4 (Toll-like receptor-4) expression and frontal-cingulate volumes in schizophrenia

LI Hua1, KÉRI Szabolcs1,2,3

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

Clinical Neuroscience - 2020;73(09-10)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.73.0303

Evidence suggests that pathogen-associated pattern recognition receptors (Toll-like receptors, TLRs) are implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. TLRs are important in both peripheral immune responses and neuronal plasticity. However, the relationship between peripheral TLR expression and regional brain volumes is unknown in schizophrenia. We therefore assessed 30 drug-naïve, first-episode patients with schizophrenia. TLR4+/TLR1+ monocytes were measured using flow-cytometry. High resolution magnetic resonance images (T1 MRI) were obtained and analyzed with FreeSurfer. Results revealed significant negative correlations between the percentage of TLR4+ monocytes, mean fluorescent intensities, and brain volumes in frontal and anterior cingulate regions. The measures of TLR1+ monocytes did not show significant relationships with regional brain volumes. These results raise the possibility that abnormal TLR-activation is associated with decreased brain volumes in schizophrenia.

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Nyírô Gyula National Institute of Psychiatry and Addictions, Budapest
  2. Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest
  3. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged

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