Clinical Neuroscience

[The role of Hungarian-rooted scholars in the development of Otoneurology ]

TAMÁS T. László1, GARAI Tibor1, TOMPOS Tamás1, MAIHOUB Stefani2, SZIRMAI Ágnes2

SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

Clinical Neuroscience - 2019;72(09-10)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.72.0295

[Despite of the symptoms of vertigo have been known since thousands of years, it was evident by the research of the pioneer scientists of the 19th century (Flourens, Ménière, Breuer and others) that dizziness can also be attributed to inner ear disfunctions. The discovery of the vestibulo-ocular reflex was an important milestone (Endre Hőgyes, 1884). The vestibulo-ocular reflex stabilizes images on the retina by rotating the eyes at the same speed but in the opposite direction of head motion. The milestone discovery of Hőgyes by stimulating individual labyrinth receptors and recording the activity of eye muscles were verified by János Szentágothai in 1950. Low-frequency lesions of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex can be investigated by caloric test (Robert Bárány,1906), high-frequency lesions by head impulse test (Gabor Michael Halmagyi and Ian Stewart Curthoys, 1988).]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Dr. Petz Aladár Megyei Oktató Kórház, Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Osztály, Gyôr
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinika, Budapest

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