Clinical Neuroscience

[Studies on KULLANCS-ENCEPHALITIS in Fejér county in 1980-82 ]

VARGA Attila1, FOLMAYER Erzsébet1, GUSEO András2

JULY 01, 1985

Clinical Neuroscience - 1985;38(07)

[In 1980-82, the authors analysed epidemiologically the cases of tick-borne encephalitis in Fejér county: age, sex, occupation, incubation period of KE, distribution of clinical groups, seasonality of KE, and spatial distribution of KE within the county. The early diagnostic value of CSF cytology is emphasized when a lymphocytic monocytic cell picture with 20-30% segmented nucleated leukocytes is suggestive of the above disease. Symptomatic treatment was continued, no corticosteroid was used. OGP was not found in the CSF. A case of meningoradiculitis in a middle-aged male with meningoradiculitis due to an alimentary infection and a case of encephalitis in an elderly male who died are described in detail. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Fejér megyei Tanács Központi Kórház-Rendelőintézet Idegosztálya
  2. Fejér megyei Tanács Központi Kórház-Rendelőintézet Idegosztálya Székesfehérvár

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[The authors describe a case of spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery in the neck, in which the lesion was associated with fibromuscular dysplasia and distal type of occlusion of the artery. A brief literature review on the origin of the vascular lesion and its angiographic lesions is given. ]

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[Posterior scala duralis arterio-venosus malformation ]

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[The authors describe a case of dural arteriovenous malformation localized to the posterior scala. In doing so, they discuss the aetiology, clinical and radiographic features of the atheromaly. An interesting feature of their case is that, in addition to the shunt discovered on angiography, a similar abnormality was found in the pons at autopsy. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

Unemployment and Mental Disorder

VILLE Lehtinen

Unemployment is a major social problem in Finland. Same is the case in most of the western societies. In some OECD countries the unemployment rate has already exceeded 10%. The effect and meaning of unemployment experience on mental health have been discussed, especially concerning the youth.

Clinical Neuroscience

[Unemployment and mental illness]

KOPP Mária

[Unemployment is a major social problem in most Western countries, including Finland, with unemployment rates exceeding 10% in some countries. This study analyses the possible links between mental illness and unemployment, in particular the impact of unemployment on young people. ]

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[Ophthalmoplegia migraine and sclerosis multiplex ]

GUSEO András

[The author describes two cases of ophthalmoplegic migraine in which Sandomigran stopped a series of recurrent oculomotor paresis every 20 and 11 years respectively. He analyses the problems of differential diagnosis and stresses the importance of taking a detailed anamnesis. ]

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Clinical Neuroscience

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Clinical Neuroscience

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Over the second half of the 19th century, numerous theories arose concerning mechanisms involved in understanding of action, imitative learning, language development and theory of mind. These explorations gained new momentum with the discovery of the so called “mirror neurons”. Rizzolatti’s work inspired large groups of scientists seeking explanation in a new and hitherto unexplored area of how we perceive and understand the actions and intentions of others, how we learn through imitation to help our own survival, and what mechanisms have helped us to develop a unique human trait, language. Numerous studies have addressed these questions over the years, gathering information about mirror neurons themselves, their subtypes, the different brain areas involved in the mirror neuron system, their role in the above mentioned mechanisms, and the varying consequences of their dysfunction in human life. In this short review, we summarize the most important theories and discoveries that argue for the existence of the mirror neuron system, and its essential function in normal human life or some pathological conditions.