Clinical Neuroscience

[Soviet Bibliography]

JUNE 28, 1954

Clinical Neuroscience - 1954;7(03)

[The contents of issue 2 of the Journal of nevropatologii i psihiatrii 1954 The contents of the "Zurnal Nevropatologii i psihiatrii imenyi S. S. Korsakov", issue 3, 4 1954 Contents of issue I. II. of Voproszi Nejrohirurgii 1954]

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Clinical Neuroscience

[Behaviour of eosinophil cell counts in schizophrenia cases after different shock treatments]

VARGHA Miklós, TASS Gyula, HUSZÁK István

[1. In 21 cases (75%) of the 28 cases of schizophrenia in the processus stage, the circulating absolut eo. number was found to be lower than normal. 2. In different manifestations of schizophrenia (catatonic hebphren paranoid, etc.), they show uniform behavior. In some patients, electroconvulsion, insulin, etc. under the influence of abnormal reactios types such as rigid non-responsive and ataxic types. Both types of pathological reactions occur in all forms of schizophrenia and were found in 25 (90%) of the 28 cases. 3. In old defect cases, a higher number of normal cell numbers and a normal response to exercise were obtained. In the majority of the 27 old defect, partly post-leukotomy schizophrenic cases, a normal cell count (73%) and a normal response were obtained. According to our studies, even after the administration of high doses of vitamin C, the initial eo. number and eo. reaction becomes normal. We found a parallel between the change in eo. number and the changes in the mental state, i.e. with the improvement of the disease symptoms in the initial eo. cell count increased with a normal response to exercise occurred. Eo based on leukotomy and conditional reflex mechanism. eo. number reaction refers to the importance of the cortex and through it the environment.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[The role of the nervous system in the action of drugs and toxins, Continued]

OBÁL Ferenc

[From the conditional reflexes built up in response to various offensive drugs, it can be seen that the outcome of the reflex is determined by the cortical involvement in the process of association. In the case of drugs and poisons that attack the cortex and in which the cortex is actively involved in the creation of the change produced by the drug, the result of the conditioned reflex is the same as the pharmacological effect of the drug. For agents acting in deeper neural areas or in peripheral organs, the result of the conditioned reflex is the reverse of the pharmacological effect of the agent, due to the balancing action of the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex plays an important role in determining the body's sensitivity to drugs, because the conditioned reflex that is produced, by its very nature, increases or decreases its sensitivity to drugs and poisons. The conditioned reflexes built up in response to drugs and poisons are subject to the laws of inhibition in the same way as other similar neural processes. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[A case of meningioma with supra-infratentorial extent]

PÁSZTOR Emil

[The author describes a case of a surgically resolved meningioma located in the supra- and infratentorial space. The tumour was mostly located infratentorially and grew laterally over the tentorium. The 46-year-old woman underwent surgery in two sessions. After surgery, there was rapid clinical improvement. The interesting aspect of this case is the location of the tumour and its surgical resolution.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Lectures and presentations of scientific meetings]

[A short summary of 8 scientific lectures.]

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[Hemispherical tuberculoma]

SZABÓ Gyula

[Its frequency is shown differently by statistics of different authors. Their ratio to total tumors of the brain, according to Anglo-Saxon authors (1), is 1.5% -3.6%. In data from Soviet neurosurgical institutes (2), 2.1–3.4% of all brain tumors were tuberculoma. The reason for the differences in the statistics is that tuberculoma often does not undergo neurosurgery but is detected only by autopsy.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Traditions and development of Soviet neurosurgery]

ZOLTÁN László

[The intellectual isolation which had cut off our scientific life from Soviet science from the Great October Revolution until liberation led to the fact that the results of the developing science of neurosurgery could only be learned from Western literature, and obscured the achievements of Soviet surgeons in neurosurgery. The data that we have learned from the West have undoubtedly demonstrated the legitimacy of this new science and its strikingly wide potential for application. But its true significance can only now be understood, its future can only now be assessed, when we can process the Soviet neurosurgical literature now freely coming to us.]

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[Hungarian surveillance of indicator conditions caused by germinal mutations]

ELEK Csaba, CZEIZEL Endre

[Authors report the results of a ten-year study of genetic epidemiology to detect the phenotypic manifestations of germinal mutations. Three types of indicator conditions (expected to reflect appearance of new environmental mutagens) have been monitored continouusly between 1980–1989. Cases were registered in the Hungarian Congenital Abnormality Registry. The indicator conditions were: (1) sentinel anomalies as indicators of germinal dominant gene mutations. Birth prevalence of such 15 anomalies was 3.8/10,000 total births. 90% of them proved to be sporadic thus 31 new mutations in 10^5 total births was detected with no significant increase during the study period. (2) Down syndrome as an indicator of germinal numerical chromosomal mutations. Birth prevalence of it was 11.7/10,000 total births that means 110 new mutations in 10^5 total births. There was no significant change in occurrence of Down syndrome during the study period. (3) Unidentified multiple congenital abnor malities evaluated by the help of „pairwise analysis of component congenital abnormalities" method. In 1985 there was a highly significant increase in the occurrence of congenital abnormality pairs. It appeared one year before the nuclear powerplant accident in Chernobyl, the Soviet Union, and after that no significant change was detected in prevalence of indicator conditions. Cause of this has remained unexplained. ]

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[Changes of the evaulation of scientific publications and researchers based on Hungarian Science Bibliography]

MOLNÁR-TAGA Márta, KAPÓCS Gábor, KISS István

[Different science-metric indicators are great important in evaluating the work of scientists. The authors present the advantages and disadvantages of evaluation numbers which used in the national science in decades and describe in the last year introduced new evaluation criteria. In addition, they analyze and compare the current requirements of the Hungarian Science Bibliography (MTMT) and the Doctoral Schools of the four Hungarian Medical Sciences. Finally, they seek to find out what changes are to be expected later. ]