Clinical Neuroscience

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome as an initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus

AYAS Özözen Zeynep1, ÖCAL Öncel Ruhsen2, GÜNDOGDU Aksoy Asli1

NOVEMBER 30, 2017

Clinical Neuroscience - 2017;70(11-12)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.70.0425

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a disorder which is diagnosed with its characteristic clinical and radiological findings, typically resolves with treatment. The prevalence of PRES in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is not exactly known. A systemic disorder frequently appears as a presenting symptom in SLE. However, in rare cases, the disease starts with a neurological manifestation. Here we report a 35-year-old woman presenting with a headache and blurred vision. She had neurologic symptoms and cerebral lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggesting PRES. The patient was diagnosed with SLE during the etiological investigation of PRES. In this article, we aimed to emphasize that PRES as an initial presentation of SLE.

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Department of Neurology, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey
  2. Department of Neurology, Başkent University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

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