Clinical Neuroscience

[Critique of ataraxis]

SIMKÓ Alfréd1, KARDOS György1

SEPTEMBER 01, 1960

Clinical Neuroscience - 1960;13(09)

[There are important differences between the effects of neuroleptics and ataractics ; the former can have a qualitative effect on psychotic experiences and the structure of psychosis, the latter only a quantitative effect. Therapeutic results are favourable in a significant proportion of cases, but the improvement achieved is only a measure of the complex and dynamic nature of the remission process. In discussing the manifestations of anxiety and tension within normal psychological limits, the role of nociceptive emotional signalling and negative emotional experiences in guiding adaptation and the not always rational and often detrimental nature of their ataractivation has been highlighted. Certain abnormal personalities show a particular tendency to abuse tranquilizers. Among the psychopathological conditions of habituation, we attribute the main role to the "euphoria of soulagement" and to coenaesthesia hypersensitivity, which is a major responsibility of doctors who superficially simplify the treatment of "nervous people". The proliferation of tranquilliser prescriptions, which are intended to replace psychotherapy, could be a serious danger and we have therefore stressed the primacy of psychotherapy in many cases. Our main task: to guide, guide and support patients in conflict situations and with weakened adaptive capacities to resolve and rationally and correctly process their morbid experience or conflict situation. In this endeavour, ataractics can be a valuable 'adjuvant' if used with due care and proper medical criticism.]

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