Clinical Neuroscience

[Critique of ataraxis]

SIMKÓ Alfréd1, KARDOS György1

SEPTEMBER 01, 1960

Clinical Neuroscience - 1960;13(09)

[There are important differences between the effects of neuroleptics and ataractics ; the former can have a qualitative effect on psychotic experiences and the structure of psychosis, the latter only a quantitative effect. Therapeutic results are favourable in a significant proportion of cases, but the improvement achieved is only a measure of the complex and dynamic nature of the remission process. In discussing the manifestations of anxiety and tension within normal psychological limits, the role of nociceptive emotional signalling and negative emotional experiences in guiding adaptation and the not always rational and often detrimental nature of their ataractivation has been highlighted. Certain abnormal personalities show a particular tendency to abuse tranquilizers. Among the psychopathological conditions of habituation, we attribute the main role to the "euphoria of soulagement" and to coenaesthesia hypersensitivity, which is a major responsibility of doctors who superficially simplify the treatment of "nervous people". The proliferation of tranquilliser prescriptions, which are intended to replace psychotherapy, could be a serious danger and we have therefore stressed the primacy of psychotherapy in many cases. Our main task: to guide, guide and support patients in conflict situations and with weakened adaptive capacities to resolve and rationally and correctly process their morbid experience or conflict situation. In this endeavour, ataractics can be a valuable 'adjuvant' if used with due care and proper medical criticism.]


  1. Fővárosi Idegbeteggondozó Intézet



Further articles in this publication

Clinical Neuroscience

[On pial vascular lesions in perinatal polycystic brain lesions]


[Authors describe pial arterial lesions in four infants and children with perinatal brain injury that narrowed the lumen by subintimal tissue proliferation in a portion of the arteries. They address the pathogenesis of this phenomenon on the basis of their own studies and the literature and consider the vascular lesion to be a secondary phenomenon associated with brain lesions, a consequence of adaptation to reduced blood circulation. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Electroencephalographic image of mental stress-activated pyknolepsy]

SZÁK János

[1. We investigated the effect of mental strain on our case of pyknolepsy recorded in the eeg. For applied stress, electrical activity was altered, with high amplitude, sustained, slow 3/s activity. 2. The more prolonged application of stimuli and the increase in the intensity of the stress led to the appearance of typus petit mai. 3. The phenomenon was reproducible after a longer period of time and a direct correlation between the applied stress, the change in activity and the onset of seizure could be established. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[The relationship between neuroses and psychoses]


[It can be said that a lecture on the relationship between neuroses and psychoses can raise many new and old aspects, but only without the final conclusios. We cannot present definite facts in a systematic way, - but perhaps we can see more clearly that what is needed is not so much a new delineation of neurological and psychiatric pathologies, but rather the discovery and separation of the dynamic pathomechanistic factors - some general and common , some different from individual to individual - underlying mental illness. Different paths can be chosen to achieve this goal, but which of these best achieves or approaches the major theoretical and practical problems, only the future will tell. The literature is very large in number, given the wide-ranging nature of the subject.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Psychotherapy for neurosis in patients with aphasia]


[The neurosis of an aphasia patient, which developed as a result of psychotrauma caused by aphasia, was treated with hypnosis. On hypnosis, the neurosis was cured and the aphasic disturbances improved to such an extent that our patient was able to resume his original occupation. The use of hypnosis with a newer technique, when performed on the basis of ponto indicatio, gives good results in cases where even treatment with neuroleptic drugs is ineffective. ]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The “room” for death in the family - dying as a role]


[The Hungarian literature has quite ignored so far Noyes & Clancy’s Role Theory approach of dying. I present the outline and a critique of this conception, then lay the foundations of a reformed concept of the dying role. For the optimal and desired dying role is not one of peripherising and objectifying, rather one of placing the dying in the centre of the system of relations and roles radically restructuring under the influence of such role. The personality of the dying remains a true value in this central position. The reintegration of the dying can begin parallel to her disintegration by the progressive loss of her normal social roles (‘the loneliness of the dying’). Death can thus transform into a social phenomenon. I illustrate the argumentation on the central dying role with a case study using the method of a heterophenomenological, second-person character. By promoting the central and autonomous dying role, i.e. by the development of the necessary social role competences, or at least by publicising the thanatological knowledge, death can turn from an avoided, socially disintegrative taboo into a phenomenon that can strengthen the community even after the dying departed.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

["Advertisements in medical journals"]


[The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group) agreed the following position at its meeting in Chicago last month: most medical journals contain advertising. Advertisements generate income for journal owners, but should not influence editorial decisions. The editor has full responsibility for advertising policy, and readers should be able to clearly distinguish advertising from professional content. Editorial and advertising of the same composition or topic should not be placed next to each other whenever possible. Finally, editors should not refrain from publishing a critique of the advertisement.]