Clinical Neuroscience

[Arrangement of the Rorschach test items]

PETHŐ Bertalan1

APRIL 01, 1969

Clinical Neuroscience - 1969;22(04)

[In summary, the record paints a picture of a mentally mildly and unevenly retarded, eccentric, self-contained, not very well hidden from others and ambivalently experienced autistic world of a psychopath. The most recognisable is the antisocial psychopath described by Boss (1913), characterised by passivity and lack of self-control, and the data on the quality of his individual world. Circular psychosis, schizophrenia and organic psychosyndrome can already be ruled out by conventional evaluation. In the course of the test, a certain positive development of the personality is to be expected, but there are serious forces working against this, such as the F-unbest. descriptio at the end of the test and the TA response, which emerged in the post-test during the relaxation of censorship, and which indicates a serious generational-familial conflict. In any case, psychotherapy, especially on the basis of further exploration, now gaining new thematic fodder, has an absolute indication, because it allows us to put into practice the gains that a more human, comprehensive and deeper understanding of the patient beyond the label "oligophrenia" or "postprocessual schizoidia" has given us in the extended test evaluation.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Budapesti Orvostudományi Egyetem II. sz. Neurológiai és Psychiatriai Klinika

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Clinical Neuroscience

[The histological structure of human muscle spindles and innervation ]

ABONYI Eszter, STIPULA Magda

[We used a large muscle biopsy from our clinic to investigate how muscle spindles behave in different muscle diseases. However, in many cases, the muscle fragments excised for diagnostic purposes did not contain muscle spindles or only a small number of them. The data in the literature refer mainly to animal muscle spindles (see further as ms). Therefore, the histopathological evaluation of the observed muscle spindle images was difficult. There have been few studies on pathological lesions of human ms. For this reason, we aimed to collect first of all experiences on normal human io. The present study deals with the structure and innervation of normal human io. Our next paper will deal with the development of the ms, and our third paper will discuss the pathophysiological changes of the ms in different neurologically important muscle diseases. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Data for submicroscopy of panencephalitis. B Intranuclear inclusions, virus-like particles in demyelination and its course]

ÓVÁRY Imre, GOMBI Róza, BENKŐ Károly, SORSZEGI Pál, GÖDÉNY Sára, KAPPÉTER István

[In the second stage of processing of biopsy material from the right peristriatai of the right peripheral area of a patient with panencephalitis, the intranuclear inclusions found are more often classified as group II, less often as group I, according to Bouteille's classification, usually resembling a twisted cotton-mat ring with a clear halo around it. Osmiophilic, electrodense-centred, "viral-mimetic" particles are found in large numbers, most often in neurocytes. Their number suggests that the particulate is predominantly transported to the extracellular space from the disintegration of neurocytes. In our study, 27% of the particles are able to reach the CSF space. This puts the extraction of particles from liqur in perspective. The myelin degradation starts from the Ranvier's confinement and follows an axofugal direction. Electrophysiologically, as well as clinicopathologically, the study of panencephalitis is attributed to pathological informative, pathological integrative, and pathological energetic factors. Further studies are ongoing.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Neurological complications of multiple myeloma]

AMBRÓZY György, HINDY Iván

[1. Authors describe neurological complications caused by multiple myeloma and plasmocytoma. They were the first symptom of disease in 15% of the total patient population [53] and in 33% of cases with neurological complications. 2. The clinical symptoms, pathogenesis and course of 21 patients with multiple myeloma with neurological complications and 3 patients with plasmocytoma are analysed. 3. X-ray examination, cytological tests (bone marrow smear, bone biopsy) and other laboratory tests (red blood cell count, peripheral blood count, serum and cerebrospinal fluid paper and immunoelectrophoresis) are used to detect early stage disease. Bence-Jones protein was found in urine in only 1/3 of the cases reported here. 4. Un. complex (non-specific robotic, irradiation, cytostatic, in some cases surgical or conservative orthopaedic) treatment of neurological complications was associated with a disease duration of approximately 21.2 months (living patients) and 26.4 months (dead patients) from the time of admission. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Scientific meetings]

VÁMOSI Bertalan, HALÁSZ Péter, ZSADÁNYI Ottó, VELOK Gy., HIDASI J., BOCZÁN G., TOMKA Imre, SARKADI Ádám, ZETTNER Sebő, CALCAINAU C., POPESCU-TISMANA G., BUDAI R., HASZNOS Tivadar, GOMBI Róza, ENGÁRT Gizella, BOCZÁN Gábor, SZÁK János, BOCZÁN János, SZAMOSI Mária, B. SÁRMÁNY Judit, TÓTH Sándor, SZLÁVIK László, HARSÁNYI Ferenc

[Authors report on scientific sessions held at the XII EEG Congress.]

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[In this paper we present the Comprehensive Aphasia Test-Hungarian (CAT-H; Zakariás and Lukács, in preparation), an assessment tool newly adapted to Hungarian, currently under standardisation. The test is suitable for the assessment of an acquired language disorder, post-stroke aphasia. The aims of this paper are to present 1) the main characteristics of the test, its areas of application, and the process of the Hungarian adaptation and standardisation, 2) the first results from a sample of Hungarian people with aphasia and healthy controls. Ninety-nine people with aphasia, mostly with unilateral, left hemisphere stroke, and 19 neurologically intact control participants were administered the CAT-H. In addition, we developed a questionnaire assessing demographic and clinical information. The CAT-H consists of two parts, a Cognitive Screening Test and a Language Test. People with aphasia performed significantly worse than the control group in all language and almost all cognitive subtests of the CAT-H. Consistent with our expectations, the control group performed close to ceiling in all subtests, whereas people with aphasia exhibited great individual variability both in the language and the cognitive subtests. In addition, we found that age, time post-onset, and type of stroke were associated with cognitive and linguistic abilities measured by the CAT-H. Our results and our experiences clearly show that the CAT-H provides a comprehensive profile of a person’s impaired and intact language abilities and can be used to monitor language recovery as well as to screen for basic cognitive deficits in aphasia. We hope that the CAT-H will be a unique resource for rehabilitation professionals and aphasia researchers in aphasia assessment and diagnostics in Hungary. ]

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[What happens to vertiginous population after emission from the Emergency Department?]

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