Clinical Neuroscience

[A case of destructive cervical spondylarthropathy related to chronic dialysis]

BERTA Balázs1, KOMÁROMY Hedvig2, SCHWARCZ Attila1, KAJTÁR Béla3, BÜKI András1, KUNCZ Ádám1

MAY 30, 2021

Clinical Neuroscience - 2021;74(05-06)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.74.0211

Case Reports

[A case of a 61-year-old male patient suffered chronic renal failure and dialysed for 23 years with destructive cervical spondylarthropathy is presented. The patient presented with sudden onset of cervical pain radiating into his shoulders without neurological deficits. CT and MRI of the cervical and thoracic spine revealed severe destructive changes and compressive fractures of C6 and C7 vertebrae which caused the narrowing of the nerve root canals at these levels. A 360-degree fixation was performed to treat the unstable fracture and the patient’s pain (C6 and C7 corpectomy, autolog bone graft replacement of the two vertebral bodies, anterior plate fixation and posterior instrumentation with screws and rods). Postoperatively the patient had no significant pain, no neurological deficit and he was able to manage independent life himself. During the immediate follow-up CT of the neck showed the satisfactory position of the bone graft and the metal implantations. The 6 months follow-up CT revealed the anterior migration of the two screws from the Th1 vertebral body and 2 mm ventral elevation of the caudal end of the plate from the anterior surface of the Th1 vertebral body. The 1-year follow-up could not be performed because the patient died due to cardio-pulmonary insufficiency. This is the second Hungarian report of a chronic dialysis related severe spondylarthropathy which may cause pathologic fractures of the vertebral bodies. The typical radiological and histological findings are discussed. This disease affect patients’ quality of life and the conservative treatment alone seems to be ineffective in most cases. Based on the literature and personal experiences, the authors suggest 360-degree fixation of the spine to provide sufficient stability for the vertebrae of ”bad bone quality”, and early mobilisation of the patient can be achieved.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Klinikai Központ, Idegsebészeti Klinika, Pécs
  2. NEURO CT KFT Pécsi Diagnosztikai Központ, Pécs
  3. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Klinikai Központ, Pathologiai Intézet, Pécs

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