Clinical Neuroscience - 2004;57(11-12)

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[Dizziness - vertigo Warning symptoms in vertebrobasilar ischemia - Part I. ]

FAZEKAS András

[Dizziness and vertigo - like headache - are the most common complaints which leads patients to visit the doctor. In spite of the headache - which may be primary (e.g. migraine) or symptomatic - dizziness and vertigo do not appear to be a separate nosologic entity but rather the symptoms of several neurological disorders. For differential diagnosis, interdisciplinary thinking and activity is needed because the vestibular, neurological and psychiatric disorders might have a common role in the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[New chapter in visual evoked potential studies - Clinical application of the multifocal vep method ]

JANÁKY Márta, PÁLFFY Andrea, BENEDEK Krisztina, BENEDEK György

[The multifocal visual evoked potentials are the evoked responses over the visual cortex in response to the stimulation of circumscribed small areas in the central 30 degree region of the retina. The recording of multifocal visual evoked potentials was made possible by the computer algorhythm elaborated by Sutter in 1991. Multifocal electroretinograpy, developed upon the same theoretical principles, is already an routine clinical examination method for the topographic analysis of functional... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[The impact of neuroleptic medication on seizure threshold and duration in electroconvulsive therapy]

GAZDAG Gábor, BARNA István, IVÁNYI Zsolt, TOLNA Judit

[Introduction - In most patients diagnosed with psychotic depression or schizophrenia and treated with electroconvulsive therapy, parallelly administered antipsychotic medication cannot be stopped. Antipsychotic drugs can influence both seizure threshold and seizure activity in different ways. Patients and method - The present study processes the data of 77 patients treated parallelly with electroconvulsive therapy and antipsychotic drugs. Oral doses of the antipsychotic medication administered... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[Temozolomide chemotherapy of patients with recurrent anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas]

SIPOS László, VITANOVICS Dusan, ÁFRA Dénes

[Introduction - Anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas are the most frequent and most malignant hemispherial tumours. Unfortunately, astrocytic tumours are of infiltrative character and radical removal is not possible. Recurrent malignant gliomas are rarely suitable for reoperation. In most of the cases of recurrent gliomas chemotherapy is the last choice. Patients and method - Seventy-five consecutive patients with recurrent malignant astrocytomas and glioblastomas had been treated at our... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[Immunomodulatory treatment in multiple sclerosis ]

CSÉPÁNY Tünde, BERECZKI Dániel

[During the past decade, several disease-modifying agents have been established and have become available for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. The disease-modifying agents could be grouped into immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive therapies altering the long-term course of multiple sclerosis. Therapy is now available for relapsing-remitting, secondary progressive and progressive-relapsing multiple sclerosis. Different disease-modifying agents became also available for the treatment of... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 10, 2004

[Early onset dementias: Case studies]

MERKLI Hajnalka, PÁL Endre, GÁTI István, KOSZTOLÁNYI Péter, KÖVÉR Ferenc

[Introduction - Dementia is a decline of intellectual abilities. The etiology of dementia syndrome is diverse. The authors describe three patients with early-onset dementia. Case reports - The first patient was a 44 years old male with mild gait, body ataxia, memory loss, slowness and apathy. Investigations proved AIDS dementia syndrome. In the second case of a 37 years old female patient, herpes simplex encephalitis was suspected due to sudden onset of speech arrest and to brain MRI and CSF... tovább »