Clinical Neuroscience - 2002;55(11-12)

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[The role of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical diagnosis: facial nerve neurography]

ARÁNYI Zsuzsanna, SIMÓ Magdolna

[Facial nerve neurography involving magnetic stimulation techniques can be used to assess the intracranial segment of the facial nerve and the entire facial motor pathway, as opposed to the traditional neurography, involving only extracranial electric stimulation of the nerve. Both our own experience and data published in the literature underline the value of the method in localising facial nerve dysfunction and its role in clinical diagnosis. It is non-invasive and easy to perform. Canalicular... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[The efficacy of autologous free fat graft and Spongostan in preventing postmicrodiscectomy scar formation]

LAPIS István, HORVÁTH Gyõzõ

[Introduction - Postoperative scar formation has been implicated as one of the possible cause of persistent or recurrent pain after spine surgery. The efficacy of the autologous free fat graft and the Spongostan gel foam for the prevention of extradural adhesion after lumbar discectomy was investigated by the evaluation of postoperative neurological symptomps and visual analogue scale. Patients and methods - In the study 174 patients were involved, average 14.5 months after the intervention.... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[Relationship between the efficacy of atypical antipsychotics and polymorphism of dopamine D3 receptor in schizophrenia]

SZEKERES György, JUHÁSZ Anna, KÉRI Szabolcs, RIMANÓCZY Ágnes, SZENDI István, SZABÓ Zoltán, JANKA Zoltán

[Object - Numerous relevant variants of dopamine receptors have been identified in schizophrenia. The Ser9Gly gene polymorphism of dopamine D3 receptor is known as a susceptibility factor for the disease. In addition, it has a role in the modification of therapeutic effect of antipsychotics. In this naturalistic study the authors investigated the relationship between this polymorphism and the therapeutic response to atypical antipsychotics. Method - 75 patients with schizophrenia according to... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[Friedreich-ataxia - diagnosis after a decade. Differential diagnosis of inherited spinocerebellar ataxias]

VITASZIL Edina, JELENCSIK Ilona, SZIRMAI Imre

[The clinical diagnosis of inherited spinocerebellar ataxias is difficult, because phenotypes frequently overlap. The authors attempt to review the different inherited ataxia syndromes, discussing the most frequent one, Friedreich-ataxia in detail. The case of a patient with Friedreich-ataxia is presented, where the genetically supported diagnosis has been made more than ten years following the onset of the symptoms, after several hospitalizations and misdiagnosis. The correct diagnosis can be... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[Hormonal abnormalities caused by intrasellar persistent trigeminal: PTA with hormonal dysfunction]

OSZTIE Éva, CZIRJÁK Sándor, RÁCZ Károly, MARTOS János

[Persistent trigeminal artery is a relatively frequent type of intracranial arterial developmental anomalies. The diagnostic tools for demonstration previously consisted of carotid angiography, later CT and DSA and nowadays MR and MRA. The practical benefit of the diagnosis is to avoid any hazard at the operation of associated hypophysis adenomas and aneurysms and could also give a possible explanation for apparent hormonal abnormalities. The authors support the latter possibility with a case... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002

[The use of ECT for epileptic patient]

FARKAS Márta, BARAN Brigitta, KÁRPÁTI Róbert, RAJNA Péter

[Psychiatric disorders which indicate the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) also occur in epileptic patients, but there is a lack of medical authority concerning the use of ECT in epileptic patients. This is surprising because in recent years it has been proved that ECT has an anti-convulsive effect to some degree. A case study of an epileptic patient is presented whose progress has been monitored for several years. Antiepileptic drugs were seemingly able to control his epilepsy but at the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

DECEMBER 20, 2002