Clinical Neuroscience - 1997;50(09-10)

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

Management of cavernous angiomas of eloquent brain areas by means of image (MRI or CT) - guided key-hole craniotomy

DÓCZI Tamás, BALÁS István, KÖVÉR Ferenc, VON JAKO C.

Details of neurosurgical management of four patients suffering from intractable epilepsy caused by cavernous angiomas of subcortical eloquent brain areas are presented. Two of four cavernomas were not visualized by CT or angiography but only by MRI. MRI or CT stereotactic image-guided key-hole craniotomy and resection of the lesion from the dominant anterior central gyrus (2 cases), from the dominant superior temporal gyrus or from the dominant supramarginal gyrus were performed without any... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Examination after the first epileptic seizure]

RÓZSAVÖLGYI Margit

[106 patients were examined after the first epileptic seizure; they were divided into two groups based on the clinical data. The two groups were: the group of provoked seizure and the group of non-provoked (isolated) seizure. 95 patients were in these two groups. The others showed focal epileptiform EEG alterations or generalized epileptiform activity without seizures and, because of the very low number of patients, the author excluded them from the study. A questionnaire was used to study and... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Interpretation of the resoults of DNA image analysis in astrocytomas - biology and prognosis]

LEEL-ŐSSY Lóránt, SZŰCS István, KINDLER Miklós

[Ploidy and proliferative activity of 72 astrocytomas (except glioblastomas) were examined with nuclear DNA content by computed image analysis. The majority of samples originated from paraffin embedded material but they were partly obtained from surgical biopsy by printing or smear technique. The 72 astrocytomas were classified according to Kernohan's grading system. Different areas of tumours were evaluated according to their ploidy (euploid, diploid, aneuploid and heterogenous ranges),... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Suggestion for new classification of ischemic stroke]

KOPA János, SZÁSZ Krisztina, REPA Imre, RÁDAI Ferenc, HUSZÁR Péter, BESZTERCZÁN Péter, GYŐRBÍRÓ Zsolt

[The classifications of ischemic damage of the brain which have been in use cannot give a suitable orientation about the pathoanatomical background of this disease. As a result of this, the authors investigated the data of 1000 cerebrovascular indoor stroke patients who had been investigated by CT or MRI. The clinical and radiological data were compared. Their conclusion was: more than 80% of the cerebrovascular diseases are ischemic lesions. All of the ischemic patients have some vascular... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

Analysis of IQ and genotype in duchenne and becker muscular dystrophy

LÁSZLÓ Aranka, PÓR Erzsébet, CSEPREGI Zsuzsa, ENDERFFY Emőke, RASKÓ István

The authors analysed the association of genotype and the intelligence quotient (IQ) examined with age dependent psychological methods (Wechsler, Vineland, Binet, Raven IQ tests) in 41 Duchenne (DMD), 2 intermediate MD, and 14 Becker type muscular dystrophic (BMD) patients (mean age2.5-37 y). ln 61.4% of the DMD/BMD exon deletion of dystrophin gene was found, while in 38.6% no deletion was detected. The assessment of the genotype was made by using multiple PCR method, examining the most frequent... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Diastematomyelia a rare dysraphic lesion of the spine]

VÖRÖS Erika, KISS Marianna, BUZA Zoltán

[A split cord malformation may be either diastematomyelia or diplomyelia. The former is characterized by two dural sacs and an osseous or osseocartilaginous septum, while the latter has two hemicords within a single dural sac and a nonrigid septum. Consequently, both require a specific neurosurgical technique. The featured case emphasizes the importance of radiological investigations in the differential diagnosis of these rare entities. The 25 year old woman experienced progressive worsening of... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Course and prognosis of intraventricular hemorrhages]

SZIRMAI Imre, JUHÁSZ Csaba, AMREIN Ilona

[Prognosis of ventricular hemorrhages is variable: parenchymal bleedings with secondary propagation into the ventricles are reported to have high mortality while good recovery is seen in most patients with primary intraventricular hemorrhage. The clinical course and outcome of 7 patients with intraventricular hemorrhage are reported and analysed in this paper. Three of them suffered primary intraventricular hemorrhage. One patient was followed up for 7 years after the onset of his disease.... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Summary of the XII National Forum of Young Neurologists]

[The role of sarcoglycanopathies in the differential diagnosis of limb-belt-type muscular dystrophies. Examination of epileptic twins: a Hungarian multicenter study. Traumatic bilateral carotid interna-dissection. A retrospective study of our cases of internal carotid stenosis. Extraspinal tumor causing spinal stenosis. The role of circadian and ultradian biological rhythms in the temporal distribution of spike wave paroxysms in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The role of cardiovascular... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[Hungarian Society of Neurologists and Mental Physicians SZOTE neurological round table]

[Surgical therapy and internal medicine aspects of stroke. Surgical therapy for stroke. Cardiological aspects of syncope. Neurally mediated reflex syncope syndromes. Care of stroke patients in Kecskemét County Hospital. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension in stroke. Syncope in neuropsychiatric diseases.]

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1997

[SZOTE neurological round table]

[Conservative and surgical treatment of pain. Domestic situation of pain research and pain relief. Newer opiate preparations. Therapeutic options for postosterous neuralgia. Surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurgical treatment of neurogenic pain: MR-guided thalamotomy.]