Clinical Neuroscience - 1996;49(05-06)

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Somatic defects and pain manifested at adults' drawings of a man]

GRYNAEUS Tamás

[The outhor observed that “draw-a-man tests” of mentally retarded or demented adult patients may truly reflect their somatic defects or painful disorders. Drawings of mentally intact patients could also exhibit their somatic illness if it causes pain or the compensating mechanisms are insufficient. A brief discussion is given on the possible mechanisms, in connection with the body-schema.]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Topographic pattern of spike-waves in absence seizures]

CLEMENS Béla

[Topography of generalized ictal spike-wave patterns (absence seizures) have been investigated by voltage mapping analysis. The 31 patients investigated in this study belonged to a wide variezy of epileptic syndromes with absence seizures. Previously described different topographic patterns of the spike and the wave components have been confirmed in this study.]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[The effect os levodopa in Parkinson's disease ]

MECHLER Ferenc, DIÓSZEGHY Péter, GLAUB Theodóra, HIDASI Eszter, JOSE Rosa

[The effect of carbidopa/levodopa on clinical signs and laboratory data was studied in 21 patients with Parkinson's disease during a follow-up period of 7-12 months. The Columbia and Webster scales were used for analysis. The improvement was significant already in the first weeks of the treatment. The drug did not influence the laboratory data and the side effects were found to be insignificant. The changes due to the drug were analysed by electrophysiological methods. Certain peak amplitudes... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[The prognostic relevance of apoptosis in medulloblastoma]

SCHUBERT EO Thomas, CERVOS-NAVARRO Jorge

[Apoptosis is known to be a phenomenon of prognostic significance in certain neoplasms. Several previous studies have indicated that the prognosis of desmoplastic medulloblastoma is better than that of classical medulloblastoma. We studied 5 desmoplastic and 5 classical medulloblastomas by in situ end labelling of DNA strand breaks to see whether there is any difference in amount or pattern of apoptosis in these subtypes, correlating to the different prognostic behaviour. We found no... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke (preliminary report)]

HAFFNER Zsolt, HORVÁTH Erzsébet, HORVÁTH Éva, PAPP Gabriella, EGERVÁRI Ágnes, LIPÓTH Sarolta, CSÁNYI Attila, TUKA Andrea

[Intravenous stretiokinase infusion therapy was performed on four patients in acute occulsive cerebrovascular disease (hemorrhage was rxcluded by CT scan). The thrombolytic therapy was started not later than six hours after the onset of the first symptoms. Kabikinase (1 250 000 IU) was administered in intravenous infudion during two hours. After thrombolysis no prolonged anticoagulant therapy was applied. Improvement of the neurological symptoms was impressive and convincing: in two cases... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Glaucomatous optic nerve disease]

ÁGNES Boros, JOHN Bryan Fenton, IVAN Bodis-Wollner

[Glaucomatous optic nerve disease (GOND) is the axonal neuropathy of the optic nerve and this diagnosis should enter the differential diagnosis of patients complaining of progressive diminution of vision. A positive family history is one of the major risk factors. Current theories regard the elevation of intractor pressure only a risk factor of GOND, not as its cause. The pathophysiology of ganglion cell dam- age in GOND in some respect parallels processes in other neurodegenerative disease.... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Diffuse primary leptomeningeal gliomatosis in Von Recklinghausen' disease: presentation with ischemic myelopathy]

ISTVÁN Vajtai, ÁDÁM Kuncz, ZSUZSANNA Varga, ERIKA Vörös, MIHÁLY Bodosi

[A case of diffuse primary leptomeningeal gliomatosis, complicated by ischemic myelopathy is presented. Symptoms developed acutely in a 13 year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1, previously manifesting only in kyphoscoliosis and typical melanotic skin dots. Autopsy revealed extensive involvement of the cerebrospinal leptomeninges by a low-grade (pilocytic) astrocytoma, with secondary thrombosis of the posterior spinal arteries. There was no evidence of parenchymal involvement by the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 1996

[Books Review]

ILONA dr. György

[On the occasion of the 20th Congress of the Hungarian Society of Pediatric Neurology, Pediatric Neurosurgery, Child and Youth Psychiatry, a handbook entitled Child and Youth Psychiatry, edited by 26 authors, including 6 foreign experts, edited by Ágnes Vetró and William Perry-Jones, was presented.]