Clinical Neuroscience - 1993;46(09-10)

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Pharmaco-EEG investigation on sedative effect of antiallergic drugs. Setastin is a non-sedative antihistamina]

RAJNA Péter, VERES Judit

[Effect of setastine on pharmaco-EEG was investigated in a double blind placebo controlled study in ten healthy volunteers. Changes caused by setastine were compared with those of two referent antihistamine drugs (chloropyramine and hismanal) having great differences in their sedative side effect. The themporo-occipital alpha per theta ratio was the most sensitive EEG marker in differentiating the two referent drugs. The EEG effect showed by setastine was very similar to that to hismanal and... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Efficacy of cinolazepam on insomnia generated under shift-work conditions]

KÖVES Péter

[The efficacy of cinolazepam (a benzodiazepine with middle half life time and light pharmacological potential) on insomnia generated under shift-work conditions was investigated, and shown to be an efficent hypnotic. Cinolazepam (daytime dose 20 mg, night dose 40 mg) improved significantly both sleep and awakening quality: there were no hangover effects, drug provoked intrasleep or early morning insomnia. During the time cinolazepam was administered drug tolerance was not observed. The... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Observation of embolic events during carotis constructive surgery]

RÓZSA András, ENZT László, JÁRÁNYI Zsuzsa

[The changes of middle cerebral artery circulation during carotid artery surgery in 65 patients were monitored, and the observed embolic events are discussed. Of the 65 patients, 37 were operated with shunt protection (group A) and 28 without (group B). In 31 of all cases 55 embolic events were noted. In 22 of the group A patients 37 embolic events were observed, one of them occured during the declamping of the external caruiid circulation. Eighteen emboli were observed in 9 of the Group B... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Experiences with carotid-doppler examinations on patients with arterial bypass operation on the lower extremities]

OLÁH László, FÜLESDI Béla, VALIKOVICS Atilla, CSIBA László, OLVASZTÓ Sándor, BÁNFI Csaba, KOZLOVSZKI Bertalan

[Carotis-Doppler examinations were performed on 83 patients with severe, obliterative disease of the arteries of the lower extremities and on 96 age-matched controls without signs and symptoms. In the group with obliterative arterial disease, severe or moderate stenosis of the carotid arteries was found in 20 and 40% of the patients, respectively, whereas in the control group the proportion of moderate carotid-stenosis was 2% and no case of severe stenosis was found. The role of risk factors... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Brachioradial syndrome: superficial radial neuropathy]

KISS Gábor

[Damage of the superficial branch of the radial nerve represents a rare, and rarely recognized, mononeuropathy. The first three cases in the Hungarian literature are presented. The essential role of electrodiagnosis in detecting of the disease is stressed. Special attention should be paid to avoid any lesion which might result from improper patient-care.]

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Multiple cerebral and spinal tumors as a manifestation of neurofibromatosis]

BARÁTH Barna, KRENÁCS László, BODOSI Mihály

[Details are given of an 18-year-old boy suffering from multiple intracranial and intraspinal tumours as manifestations of central form of neurofibromatosis. Meningioma of the left convexity, and meningioma of the left occipital region spreading into the supra- and infratentorial compartment were removed together with the left acoustic neurinoma. Intramedullary ependymoma of the lower cervical region indicated the need for a further operation. Neither the asymptomatic mass of the right sphenoid... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Tuberculosis in central nervous system]

MADARAS Sándor, SZABÓ Árpád, KORDÁS Mariann, SZEIFERT György

[Two cases with neurotuberculosis are presented. One of them is a 55-year-old woman who was admitted to the hospital with a history of two months of epileptical fits of the left limbs. Signs of elevated intracranial pressure appeared. The CT examination revealed right fronto-temporal convexity space occupying lesion with several mass effect. At operation an ,en plaque" fronto-temporal tumour was extirpated. The second case had a history of 15 months with lower-back pain. One year later it... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Possible involvement of superantigens of the etiology in multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases]

KÁLMÁN Bernadett, LUBLIN D. Fred

[The superantigens are bacterial and viral protein products, which differ from conventional antigens, since they activate and ultimately delete lymphocytes in a T cell receptor Vb chain specific manner. As the activation may involve 30% of the total T cell population, it is possible that autoimmune clones are also included. Restricted heterogeneity of T cells has been described in several autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis. Thus, the possible triggering role of superantigens has... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Mathematical analysis of EEG in locked-in syndrom and alpha coma]

KAMONDI Anita, SZIRMAI Imre

[Electroencephalograms of two patients with occlusion of vertebral and basilar artery were analysed. Peak power frequencies, field power differences and relative- and absolute power maps were evaluated. Clinical signs of one of the patients fit the criteria of locked-in syndrome. Photostimulation and event related desynchronisation paradigm was used for testing the reactivity of EEG. Averaged EEG epochs during movement intention showed significant alpha and subalpha power reduction. Regional... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Forum of Young Neurologists Szeged. October 1992]

[Motor neuron diseases. Analysis of our cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Experimental immune-mediated substantia nigra damage. Role of ansa galeni in the laryngeal protective reflex - intraoperative neuromyographic studies in dogs. Prognostic role of conduction velocity measurements in Bell's palsy. Nervous system inflammation. A subtype case of meningoencephalitis. Ophthalmoplegia in herpes zooster (two cases presented). Differential diagnostic problems in cases of... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Some data on ischemic penumbra]

NAGY Zoltán

[Answer to the question of dr. István Széll]

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Subarachnoid haemorrhage and the nitric oxide system]

VÉCSEI László

[Pál Barzó, Lóránt Borda, Erika Vörös, Mariann Kiss, Mihály Bodosi and Tamás Dóczi draw attention to the importance of transcranial Doppler sonography in the management of soft subdural haemorrhages.]

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Hungarian Society of Neurologists and Mental Doctors]

[Summary of the renewal general meeting of the Hungarian Society of Neurologists and Mental Health Practitioners held on 24 June 1993.]

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 20, 1993

[Hungarian Spine Association]

PENTELÉNYI Tamás

[Summary of the 1993 events of the Hungarian Spine Society.]